National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)

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  • The strategy to implement the proposed Mission includes
  • increasing Seed Replacement Ratio (SRR) with focus on Varietal Replacement;
  • increasing irrigation coverage under oilseeds from 26% to 36%;
  • diversification of area from low yielding cereals crops to oilseeds crops; inter-cropping of oilseeds with cereals/ pulses/ sugarcane;
  • use of fallow land after paddy /potato cultivation;
  • expansion of cultivation of Oil Palm and tree borne oilseeds in watersheds and wastelands;
  • increasing availability of quality planting material enhancing procurement of oilseeds and collection; and
  • processing of tree borne oilseeds.
  • Inter-cropping during gestation period of oil palm and tree borne oilseeds would provide economic return to the farmers when there is no production.
  • The scheme would be implemented in mission mode through active involvement of all the stakeholders.
  • The Centre and States will bear costs in the ratio of 75:25.
  • Fund flow would be strictly monitored to ensure that benefit of the Mission reaches the targeted beneficiaries in time to achieve the results.
  • India is among major oilseed growers and edible oil importers.  India’s vegetable oil economy is world’s fourth largest after USA, China and Brazil.
  • The diverse agro-ecological conditions in the country are favourable for growing 9 annual oilseed crops, which include 7 edible oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soybean, sunflower, sesame, safflower and niger) and two non-edible oilseeds (castor and linseed).  Oilseeds cultivation is undertaken across the country in about 27 million hectares mainly on marginal lands, of which 72% in confined to rainfed farming.
  • Oil palm is a comparatively new crop in India and is the highest vegetable oil yielding perennial crop.
  • With quality planting materials, irrigation and proper management, there is potential of achieving 20-30 MT Fresh Fruit Bunches per ha after attaining age of 5 years. 
  • Therefore, there is an urgent need to intensify efforts for area expansion under oil palm to enhance palm oil production in the country.
  • Tree-borne oilseeds (TBOs), like sal, mahua, simarouba, kokum, olive, karanja, jatropha, neem, jojoba, cheura, wild apricot, walnut, tung etc. are cultivated or grow wild in the country under different agro-climatic conditions. These TBOs are also good source of vegetable oil and therefore need to be supported for cultivation.  
  • At present, the programme is being implemented in 12 States, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu. Mizoram, Odisha, Kerala, Telangana. Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland & Assam. Nearly 133 districts are under oil palm cultivation in these 12 states, However, all the potential states of Oil palm are covered under NMOOP.