A Chalukyan legacy

Context: The western Chalukya dynasty, established by Pulakeshin I, has given us some of the most spectacular architectural treasures. Among them is a small site, Aihole, built between 450 and 650 C.E. Situated in Karnataka on the banks of the river Malaprabha with the Meguti hill overlooking it. More on Read More …

Flawed, unjust

Context: New reservation norms in faculty appointments threaten to diminish opportunities for Dalits, tribals and OBCs. Indian universities preserve of a privileged caste elite: Indian universities, like most other institutions in the country, were historically the exclusive preserve of a privileged caste elite. It is to make them more inclusive Read More …

ISRO’s clock to prop up India’s own GPS

Context: Time is running out for the seven-satellite Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS), also known as NavIC (Navigation in Indian Constellation). NavIC, whose seventh satellite was launched in April 2016, was expected to provide India a satellite-based navigation system independent of the U.S.-controlled GPS (Global Positioning System). But India’s Read More …

Getting water wise on the farm

Context: Paddy and sugarcane are India’s most water-guzzling crops — using up over half of the country’s total irrigation water resources — but procurement policies and water and power subsidies are skewing profitability and distorting crop decisions, says a recent study done by agricultural economist.  It has been published as Read More …

Western Ghats forest cover vital for Tamil Nadu’s South-West monsoon rainfall

Context: Researchers have found one more reason why urgent steps have to be taken to stop deforestation in the Western Ghats. The dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Findings: A team led by Prof. Subimal Ghosh from Read More …

The lowdown on falling water reserves

Context: India’s groundwater resources have been over exploited, as experts have been warning for some time now.  A Sample Assessment: According to a sample assessment in 2011, groundwater in 19 of India’s 71 districts — about 26% — were critical or exploited, meaning that nearly as much or more water Read More …

What are Party Poppers?

Party poppers work akin to the popping of a champagne bottle. Sometimes they are shaped like bottles but, in most instancs, it is a sealed cardboard case, about as big as a rolled-up newspaper, and stuffed with shredded paper and glitter. Pulling an attached string sets of a mild, chemical Read More …

Facts Corner-Part-76

Umang App Umang is an initiative to promote Digital India program. The term — Umang stands for Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance and is envisaged to make e-governance. The application is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD) in order to Read More …

Facts Corner-Part-75

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute  SIPRI is an international institute, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. It was established in 1966. It is based in Stockholm, Sweden. SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. Pradhan Read More …

How will in-flight WiFi work?

The Telecom Commission allowed in-flight connectivity of Internet and mobile communications on aircraft in Indian airspace. Once all legislative modalities are in place over the next 3-4 months, telecom operators, airlines, and other technological partners will be able to tie up to roll out these services. What is the technology Read More …