Status of Policing in India Report 2019

In a new report that looks at the working conditions of police in India, one key finding is about the political pressure perceived by police, and the extent to which this hampers their investigations. ‘Status of Policing in India Report 2019: Police Adequacy and Working Conditions’has been prepared by Common Read More …

Explained: How and why RBI transfers to government

Context The RBI Central Board decided to transfer a record surplus — Rs 1.76 lakh crore — to the government. The issue of transfer of surplus or profits has often been contentious. The government often pitches for a higher payout, arguing it needs to spend to deliver on promises and to keep Read More …

Explained: A war on plastic

Context Prime Minister Narendra Modi underlined the importance of shunning single-use plastic both in his latest Mann Ki Baat radio broadcast and in his address to the nation on Independence Day. The PM invoked Gandhi in his appeals, and it has been speculated that a specific ban may be announced on October Read More …

Coprolite

SCIENTISTS HAVE found the oldest parasite DNA ever recorded. The discovery was made in the “coprolite” of a prehistoric puma in Argentina. Coprolites are fossilised faeces belonging to animals that lived millions of years ago. For instance, if there are bone fragments in the faeces, it tells scientists that the Read More …

Explained: What a skull tells us about human evolution

Context A 3.8-million-year-old skull could help rewrite our knowledge of human evolution. Two new studies published on the specimen could clarify the origins of Lucy, the well-known ancestor of modern humans. Advertising While 3.2-million-year-old Lucy belonged to a species of hominins (which include humans and their ancestors) called Australopithecus afarensis, Read More …

E-cigarette ban

Context When the NDA government completes 100 days of its second term on September 7, the Health Ministry will hope to have in place an ordinance banning the manufacture, sale and marketing of e-cigarettes. One of the three 100-day goals the ministry has set for itself, The Prohibition of E-cigarettes Read More …

Explained: How hurricanes are categorised?

Context Dorian is coming for Florida — that much gets clearer with each bulletin from the National Hurricane Center, even if the forecasters still can’t say just where in the state the storm will crash ashore. The where is important, but so is the how much. Over the horizon, out in Read More …

Explained: How India and the world are ageing

Context In the United Nations report that projects India will overtake China as the most populous country by around 2027, other trends and projections include an ageing population and an improving sex ratio, both globally and in India. Some of the key takeaways from ‘World Population Projections 2019: Highlights’: The big Read More …

Explained: Why forest fires are sometimes a good thing

Context In a rainforest-like the Amazon, massive forest fires are a disaster. They irretrievably destroy the habitat of tens of thousands of plant and animal species. If the rainforest burns down, all nutrients are lost because they are stored in the plants themselves, not in the soil. Tropical Rainforests Despite Read More …

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

Context India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion) and has grown at an rate (1.2% per year between 2010 and 2019) that is just over the world growth rate (1.2%), according to State of the World Population 2019, the flagship Read More …