21st SCO Summit


  • Recently, Prime Minister participated virtually in the 21st SCO Summit and through video-message in the Joint SCO-CSTO Outreach Session on Afghanistan.

Key Highlights of the recent 21st SCO Summit

  • The 21st SCO Summit was held on 17 September 2021 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan in a hybrid format.
  • The Indian Prime Minister addressed the Summit via video link. At Dushanbe, India was represented by External Affairs Minister, Dr. S. Jaishankar. 

    21st SCO Summit
    Source: Olive Greens
  • The Indian PM put emphasis on the problems caused by growing radicalization and extremism in the broader SCO region.
  • It runs counter to the history of the region as a bastion of moderate and progressive cultures and values.  
  • The recent developments in Afghanistan could further exacerbate this trend towards extremism.
  • SCO could work on an agenda to promote moderation and scientific and rational thought.
  • It would be especially relevant for the youth of the region.
  • He highlighted the Indian experience of using digital technologies in its development programmes.
  • He also offered to share these open-source solutions with other SCO members.
  • The Prime Minister also stressed transparent, participatory and consultative connectivity projects in order to promote mutual trust.

Outreach session on Afghanistan between SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO):

  • The SCO Summit was followed by an Outreach session on Afghanistan between SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO).  
  • The Prime Minister participated in the outreach session through a video message.
  • In the video message, Prime Minister suggested that SCO could develop a code of conduct on ‘zero tolerance towards terrorism in the region.
  • He highlighted the risks of drugs, arms and human trafficking from Afghanistan.  

Back to basics

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization of Eurasian Nations with a secretariat in Beijing.
  • They represent 40% of the world population and approximately 20% of World GDP along with about 22% of the world landmass.
  • It is a political, economic and military organization that aims at maintaining peace, security and stability in the region.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
  • It currently has 8 members with the latest being India and Pakistan who were made members in 2017.
  • Member States: Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, Pakistan

Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

  • It is an intergovernmental military alliance (6 countries) led by Russia.
    • It was formed amongst the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and initially was the Collective Security Treaty (CST).
  • It came into effect in 2002.
  • Its origin can be traced to the Collective Security Treaty, 1992 (Tashkent Treaty).
  • Its headquarter is located in Moscow, Russia.
  • Members: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan

Source: PIB

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