A cobot

  • A cobot is intended to work hand-in-hand with humans in a shared workspace. 
  • This is in contrast with full-fledged robots that are designed to operate autonomously or with limited guidance. 
  • They support and relieve the human operator of his excess work.
  • The automotive sector is a large adopter of cobots. The global electronics industry is also an adopter. Industry watchers felt that manufacturing cannot be competitive without the extensive use of industrial robots.
  • Manufacturing is a capital-intensive sector and the idea that it can be used to create a lot of low- or medium-skilled but well-paid jobs, as it did in past centuries, is obsolete. 
  • Benefits of cobots were compactness, low payback period, flexibility, lightweight nature, cost-effectiveness, accuracy and safety. 
  • Other benefits include zero annual maintenance costs, reduced power consumption and retention of IP within the company. 
  • Cosmetics firm L’Oreal has also deployed cobots. 
  • It is estimated that a little less than 40,000 cobots have been deployed all over the world. 
  • Big names that have entered into this field include Epson and ABB. There are about 30-40 players in this market.
  • The adoption has been low in India compared with China and the developed world. For every cobot sold in India, 30 are sold in China.


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