Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved ACROSS Scheme i.e. ‘Atmosphere and Climate Research-Modeling Observing Systems and Services’ along with its eight sub-plans for the next fiscal (15th) cycle of five years (2021-2026).
About ACROSS Scheme
- The Across scheme is related to the atmospheric science programs of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and focuses on various aspects of weather and climate related services.
- Each of these aspects is included as eight sub-schemes under the overall scheme of ‘ACROSS’.
Each institution has a specified role to fulfill the above functions through the following eight schemes.
- Polarimetric Doppler Weather Radar – DWRs
- Upgradation of Forecasting System – IMD
- Weather and Climate Services – IMD
- Atmospheric Observation Network- IMD
- Numerical Modeling of Weather and Climate – NCMRWF
- Monsoon Mission III
- Monsoon Convection, Clouds and Climate Change – MC4
- High-Performance Computing System- HPCS
- This scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) through units like India Meteorological Department (IMD), National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
Major impact including employment generation potential
- The scheme will provide better forecasting and services about weather, climate and ocean and other risk related services. This will include warnings related to cyclones, storm surges, heat waves and thunderstorms.
- The entire process from the preparation of forecast information to its distribution requires a large number of manpower at each stage, thereby creating employment opportunities for many people.
- One of the mandates of the Ministry of Earth Sciences is to observe weather, climate and ocean parameters and carry out R&D activities to develop and improve capability to forecast weather, climate and hazard related phenomena for societal, economic and environmental benefits including addressing science of climate change and developing climate services.
- The increased incidence of extreme weather events due to Global Climate change and the risk associated with severe weather has prompted MoES to formulate many target oriented programs, which are carried out in an integrated manner through IMD, IITM, NCMRWF and INCOIS. As a result, these activities are put together under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS”.
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