What is Allium negianum?


  • A plant discovered in Uttarakhand in 2019 has been newly confirmed as a new species of Allium the genus that includes many staple foods such as onion and garlic, among 1,100 species worldwide.

About Allium negianum

  • The scientific name Allium negianum honours the late Dr Kuldeep Singh Negi, an explorer and Allium collector.
  • The scientists came across plants of this onion species, which they have named Allium negianum, in the border area of Malari village, in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.

    Allium negianum
    Credit: http://www.sci-news.com/
  • It grows at 3,000 to 4,800 m above sea level and can be found along open grassy meadows, sandy soils along rivers, and streams forming in snow pasture lands along alpine meadows, where the melting snow helps carry its seeds to more favourable areas.
  • With a narrow distribution, this newly described species is restricted to the region of western Himalayas and hasn’t yet been reported from anywhere else in the world.
  • Although new to science, this species has long been known under domestic cultivation to local communities

Source: Indian Express

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