Anti Defection Law
➖ The anti-defection law punishes individual MPs/ MLAs for leaving one party for another.
➖ It allows a group of MP/ MLAs to join (i.e. merge with) another political party without inviting the penalty for defection.
➖ And it does not penalise political parties for encouraging or accepting defecting legislators.
➖ Parliament added these provisions to the Constitution as the Tenth Schedule in 1985.
➖ The purpose of the anti-defection law was to bring stability to governments by discouraging legislators from changing parties.
➖ It was a response to the toppling of multiple state governments by party-hopping MLAs after the general elections of 1967.
➖ The Presiding Officers of the Legislature (Speaker, Chairman) are the deciding authorities.