- Kabartal, a freshwater marsh of North Bihar and Asan Conservation reserve (Asan Barrage) in Doon Valley of Uttarakhand were designated as Ramsar Sites.
- With these two sites, the network of Indian Ramsar Sites becomes the largest in South Asia i.e. 39 in nos.
About Asan Conservation reserve
- It is a 444-hectare stretch of the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand.
- The site is a biodiversity hub that supports 330 species of birds including the critically endangered redheaded vulture (Sarcogyps calvus), white-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) and Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri).
- It also supports large congregations of migratory birds like red-crested pochard and ruddy shelduck and is a known feeding, spawning and migrating site for over 40 fish species.
- also known as Kanwar jheel covers 2,620 hectares of the Indo-Gangetic plains, in Begusarai district of the state of Bihar.
- The site acts as a vital flood buffer for the region besides providing livelihood opportunities to the local communities.
- As a habitat to biodiversity, the wetland supports about 165 plant, 394 animals and around 50 fish species.
- Kabartal is also an important stopover along the Central Asian Flyway, with 58 migratory waterbirds using it as a wintering site.
- Besides, critically endangered vultures including red-headed vulture and white-rumped vulture also use the site as a habitat.
- The criteria cleared by Asan Conservation Reserve to get Ramsar site tag include that it supports vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered species, it supports populations of plant and/or animal species important for maintaining the biological diversity, it supports plant and/or animal species at a critical stage in their life cycles and it is an important source of food for fishes, spawning ground, nursery and/or migration path on which fish stocks, either within the wetland or elsewhere, depend.
Back to Basics
- Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty adopted on February 2, 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea.
- The name of the Convention is usually written “Convention on Wetlands’’.
- The Convention on Wetlands came into force for India on February 1, 1982.
- Those wetlands which are of international importance are declared as Ramsar sites.
Source: Click here
For More Such Biodiversity and Environment Topics: Click here