- The giant Asian honey bee or apis dorsata, which produces more than 80% of India’s honey, is falling prey to air pollution.
- With India being the world’s largest fruit producer, second-largest vegetable producer as well as the second-most populous country, scientists said the findings are important because this wild pollinator is not only a common resident of Indian cities, but also an important contributor to India’s food security and ecosystems.
- For instance, it pollinates more than 687 plants in Karnataka alone.
- India also is home to nine of the world’s 10 most polluted cities, but we have no idea of the impact of air pollution on plant and animal systems.
- Researchers said more than 80% of all flowering plants rely on animal pollination, and that India’s annual mango export could stand to lose over Rs 65,000 lakhs because 53% mangoes would disappear without insect pollinators like honey bees.
Back to Basics
- Asian honey bee is because they are present in both urban and rural settings.
- Often found nesting in cities, also migrates its colonies repeatedly over many kilometres throughout the year among urban, rural, and forest habitats.
- Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly)-Remember the Term