Black-Spotted Croaker or Ghol Fish


  • The black-spotted croaker, or the ghol fish — considered a fisherman’s lottery — was declared the state fish of Gujarat.

Why was the ghol chosen?

  • The Gujarat government chose the ghol because of its economic value and its uniqueness.

    Black-Spotted Croaker
    Credit: SCRFA
  • The fish is usually found in the Indo-Pacific region that stretches from the Persian Gulf to the Pacific Ocean.
    • Ribbon fish, pomfret, and Bombay Duck were the other species that were considered for designation as state fish.

What is the commercial importance of this fish species?

  • Being an expensive fish, the local consumption of this variety is not widely heard of, said experts. But the fish has a huge market in China and other countries.
  • The fish is actually a lottery for fishermen who manage to net it.
  • The fish is not only tasty, it is considered a delicacy in many countries.
  • In others, it is used for medicinal purposes.
  • While the meat of the fish is exported as frozen fillet or whole fish to European and Middle-Eastern countries, its air bladder — which is cut open from the stomach and dried — is mainly exported to China, Hong Kong and other Asian countries where it is in high demand for its medicinal values.

Source: IE

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