Bose-Einstein condensates

Context

  • Recently, Scientists have observed the fifth state of matter – Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) – in space for the first time.
  • This discovery offers unprecedented insight that could help solve some of the quantum universe’s most intractable conundrums.

What is Bose-Einstein condensates?

  • formed when atoms of certain elements are cooled to near absolute zero.
  • a state of matter when separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero  into a single quantum mechanical entity
  • This form of matter was predicted in 1920s by Albert Einstein on the basis of the quantum formulations of the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. 
  • they can slow down light.

Potential applications include

  • more-accurate atomic clocks and enhanced techniques to make electronic chips, or integrated circuits.