Breeding crops to increase nutrition value

  • Biofortification is the idea of breeding crops to increase their nutritional value.
  • This can be done either through conventional selective breeding, or through genetic engineering.
  • Biofortification differs from ordinary fortification because it focuses on making plant foods more nutritious as the plants are growing, rather than having nutrients added to the foods when they are being processed.
  • It has proposed as a strategy to counter malnutrition ‘Nutrition gardens’ (botanical gardens with plants considered rich in vitamins, iron, iodine etc.)

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