Building US-India defence relations-Mains (GS-02)

  • American and Indian military forces should take concrete action to develop the capability to operate together as partners.  
  • The political leadership of both countries characterizes the relationship as a “defence partnership”—a phrase heard repeatedly this week with India’s defence minister in Washington DC.

What exactly this phrase means “Defence Partnership”. 

  • The US-India defence partnership has primarily expressed itself through a robust joint military exercise programme, defence technology cooperation and growing defence trade. Exports in this sector have grown from $300 million to approximately $15 billion in about a decade. This is huge. But more is needed to give meaning to a true defence partnership.
  • The next step to be taken by both governments is to link military exercises and defence trade to military missions of mutual interest. 

  • Indian and American diplomatic and military leaders ought to identify and discuss the missions that their armed forces may be responsible for executing in the Indo-Pacific during the coming decades. We know for example that they will perform humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations, counter piracy actions and maritime domain awareness patrols. 
  • Indo-Pacific countries are also confronted by a widening gap between China’s growing military capabilities and those of its neighbours. 
  • The US has both a commercial and national security interest in enabling India to serve as a security provider in this vital part of the world. 
  • American companies should be the partners of choice for defence procurements not only because of the commercial benefit but because American-origin platforms provide the option for interoperability. Political conditions don’t exist that justify a joint defence commitment, but there is every reason to develop joint military capabilities. 
Source: Livemint 

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