Burundi becomes first country to leave International Criminal Court

  • Burundi has become the first country to withdraw its membership from the International Criminal Court (ICC).
  • It accused the ICC of deliberately targeting Africans for prosecution.
  • However, in theory its withdrawal from the ICC has no effect on the court’s ongoing investigations on the country.
  • The government of Burundi is accused of committing crimes against humanity, including execution and torture.


International Criminal Court (ICC):

  • The ICC, set up in July 2002, is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
  • The ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
  • Rome Statute, also called the ICC charter, is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC).

The Rome Statute:

  • The Rome Statute is a founding document that establishes the rules of criminal proceedings in relation to matters that fall under the ICC’s competence.
  • The Rome Statute established four core international crimes:
  1. Genocide,
  2. Crimes against humanity,
  3. War crimes, and
  4. The crime of aggression.
  • Under the Rome Statute, the ICC can only investigate and prosecute the four core international crimes in situations where states are “unable” or “unwilling” to do so themselves.
  • The court has jurisdiction over crimes only if they are committed in the territory of a state party or if they are committed by a national of a state party; an exception to this rule is that the ICC may also have jurisdiction over crimes if its jurisdiction is authorized by the United Nations Security Council.

Source:TH & Wiki

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