- Burundi has become the first country to withdraw its membership from the International Criminal Court (ICC).
- It accused the ICC of deliberately targeting Africans for prosecution.
- However, in theory its withdrawal from the ICC has no effect on the court’s ongoing investigations on the country.
- The government of Burundi is accused of committing crimes against humanity, including execution and torture.
International Criminal Court (ICC):
- The ICC, set up in July 2002, is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands.
- The ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
- Rome Statute, also called the ICC charter, is the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The Rome Statute:
- The Rome Statute is a founding document that establishes the rules of criminal proceedings in relation to matters that fall under the ICC’s competence.
- The Rome Statute established four core international crimes:
- Crimes against humanity,
- War crimes, and
- The crime of aggression.
- Under the Rome Statute, the ICC can only investigate and prosecute the four core international crimes in situations where states are “unable” or “unwilling” to do so themselves.
- The court has jurisdiction over crimes only if they are committed in the territory of a state party or if they are committed by a national of a state party; an exception to this rule is that the ICC may also have jurisdiction over crimes if its jurisdiction is authorized by the United Nations Security Council.
Source:TH & Wiki