Ultraviolet Germicidal Radiation (UVGI)

Context As countries begin relaxing restrictions, questions are being asked on how post-lockdown scenarios will shape-up and what the “new normal” will be. Several countries are mandating behavioural changes, like social distancing and wearing masks, while others have considered issuing ‘immunity passports’ or ‘risk-free certificates’. Now, scientists are studying the use of ultraviolet Read More …

Florence Nightingale

The 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing, falls on Tuesday, May 12. Her relevance today cannot be understated, given the Covid-19 pandemic. And yet the events leading up to the anniversary can only be called ironic. Nightingale (1820-1910), who had considerable mathematical skills, is credited with being the Read More …

What labour law changes mean?

Context As the economy struggles with the lockdown and thousands of firms and workers stare at an uncertain future, some state governments last week decided to make significant changes in the application of labour laws. On the face of it, these changes are being brought about to incentivise economic activity in Read More …

Pokhran-II Nuclear Tests

Context (May 11) is National Technology Day, celebrated to mark the day on which India successfully test-fired its first nuclear bombs in 1998. Between May 11 and May 13, 1998, five devices were tested during the nuclear tests in Rajasthan’s Pokhran. India is currently among eight countries in the world Read More …

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Mental Cruelty

Context The Bombay High Court, while granting a divorce last week, held that a wife writing to her husband’s employer with unfounded allegations about him constituted actionable cruelty under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. In its judgment of May 5, a division bench of Justices VM Deshpande and SM Modak Read More …

Aarogya Setu

Context The Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology issued a data-sharing and knowledge-sharing protocol for the Aarogya Setu app, laying down guidelines for sharing such data with government agencies and third parties. Prior to this, the only legal shield around the mechanism was the app’s privacy policy. The executive order issued Read More …

A Virtual Court

A virtual court is a unique contribution of the eCourts Project. A pilot virtual court was launched in August 2018 in Delhi for traffic offences and it has been a great success. Virtual courts have been successfully tried out in Delhi, Haryana, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. A virtual court is Read More …

PM CARES Fund & PM’s National Relief Fund

PM CARES Fund: The Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund, or the PM CARES Fund, was set up to tackle distress situations such as that posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Who may contribute to the fund? The fund receives voluntary contributions from individuals and organisations and does Read More …

[PIB] Year of Awareness on Science & Health (YASH) Program

Context Recently National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC) has launched a programme on health and risk communication ‘Year of Awareness on Science & Health (YASH)’ with focus on COVID-19. About YASH Program YASH is a comprehensive and effective science and health communication effort for promoting grass-root level appreciation Read More …

River erosion in Ladakh Himalayas

Context Scientists and students from Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG), an autonomous institute under the Department of Science &Technology,Govt. of India studied rivers in Ladakh Himalaya, bringing out 35 thousand-year history of river erosion and identified hotspots of erosion and wide valleys that act a buffer zones. The study Read More …