COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Programme

Context Recently the Government of India and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has signed a $750 million agreement for “COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Programme”. About AIIB a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia, began operations in January 2016. AIIB Read More …

 ‘Jet Zero’ plan

Context Recently, the United Kingdom (U.K.) announced a ‘Jet Zero’ plan to bring down its aviation emissions. About the Plan The Jet Zero aims to bring down greenhouse gas emissions from aviation to make carbon-free transatlantic flights possible within a generation. The UK has formed a group bringing together leaders from aviation, Read More …

IFLOWS-Mumbai

Context Recently Maharashtra’s Chief Minister  and Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Science and Technology, launched an Integrated Flood Warning System called ‘IFLOWS-Mumbai’. Mumbai is only the second city in the country after Chennai to get this system.  What is ‘IFLOWS-Mumbai’? a monitoring and flood warning system able to relay Read More …

What is the ongoing sixth mass extinction?

Context According to National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), the ongoing sixth mass extinction may be one of the most serious environmental threats to the persistence of civilisation. The research claims that this extinction is human-caused and is more immediate than climate destruction. “Even though only Read More …

What is Arsenicum album 30?

Context A homoeopathic drug, Arsenicum album 30, has become a subject of debate after several states recommended it for prophylactic (preventive) use against Covid-19. This was after the Ministry of AYUSH listed the drug among “preventive and prophylactic simple remedies” against Covid-19. The debate stems from the fact that there is Read More …

What is Inner Line Permit, what is its CAA context?

Context Recently the Supreme Court declined to stay the operation of a Presidential order which petitioners claimed deprived Assam of the powers to implement the Inner Line system in its districts and limit the applicability of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act. What is Inner Line? A concept drawn by colonial rulers, the Inner Read More …

Oil spill in Russia’s Arctic region

Context Russia declared a state of emergency, five days after a power plant fuel leak in its Arctic region caused 20,000 tonnes of diesel oil to escape into a local river, turning its surface crimson red. The Ambarnaya river, into which the oil has been discharged, is part of a network Read More …

Ultraviolet Germicidal Radiation (UVGI)

Context As countries begin relaxing restrictions, questions are being asked on how post-lockdown scenarios will shape-up and what the “new normal” will be. Several countries are mandating behavioural changes, like social distancing and wearing masks, while others have considered issuing ‘immunity passports’ or ‘risk-free certificates’. Now, scientists are studying the use of ultraviolet Read More …

Florence Nightingale

The 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing, falls on Tuesday, May 12. Her relevance today cannot be understated, given the Covid-19 pandemic. And yet the events leading up to the anniversary can only be called ironic. Nightingale (1820-1910), who had considerable mathematical skills, is credited with being the Read More …

What labour law changes mean?

Context As the economy struggles with the lockdown and thousands of firms and workers stare at an uncertain future, some state governments last week decided to make significant changes in the application of labour laws. On the face of it, these changes are being brought about to incentivise economic activity in Read More …