[International Institutions] – SAARC-South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation 

What is SAARC? The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia. The SAARC was founded in Dhaka on 8 December 1985. Its secretariat is based in Kathmandu, Nepal. The organization promotes development of economic and regional integration. The SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations Read More …

[International Institutions]- MARPOL Convention

What is MARPOL? The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. Background The MARPOL Convention was adopted on 2 November 1973 at International Maritime Organization. The Protocol Read More …

[International Institutions]- International Criminal Court -ICC

What is International Criminal Court ? The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague, Netherlands. The ICC has jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. The ICC lacks universal territorial jurisdiction, and may only investigate and prosecute crimes committed within member states, crimes committed by Read More …

[International Institutions] BIMSTEC

What is BIMSTEC? The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation of seven nations of South Asia and Southeast Asia. On 1997, a new sub-regional grouping was formed in Bangkok under the name BIST-EC (Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand Economic Cooperation). Its members lie in the littoral and adjacent areas of Read More …

[International Institutions] ASEAN-Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASEAN-Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-Important Institutions UPSC What is ASEAN? The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten countries in Southeast Asia, which promotes inter-governmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational and socio-cultural integration among its members and other countries in Asia. The ASEAN Secretariat Read More …

UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements

Context 1. The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA) resulting from mediation by India. Benefits of signing the convention 1. It is expected to boost the confidence of the investors and shall provide a positive signal to foreign investors about Read More …

United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Context:  The latest report released by United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) says that India is one of the major hubs of illicit drug trade ranging from age-old cannabis to newer prescription drugs like tramadol, and designer drugs like methamphetamine. Key findings of the report: While the global trend Read More …

Antarctic Treaty

The treaty was opened for signature on December 1, 1959, and officially entered into force on June 23, 1961. The original signatories were 12 countries: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. India is also a party Read More …

International Whaling Commission (IWC)

IWC is an Inter-governmental Organisation whose purpose is the conservation of whales and the management of whaling. The legal framework of the IWC is the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling which was established in 1946. The commission is the pre-eminent global body responsible for the conservation and management of whales Read More …

International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC)

International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), is multi-modal transportation established in 12 Sep 2000 in St. Petersburg, by Iran, Russia and India for the purpose of promoting transportation cooperation among the Member States. This corridor connects India Ocean and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea via the Islamic Republic of Iran Read More …