Tiny fossil shells unveil details about ancient Earth’s climate

Context: Scientists have discovered tiny fossil shells that unveil details about the Earth’s climate over half a billion years ago.  About the study; That early animals diversified within a climate similar to that in which the dinosaurs lived. An international collaboration of scientists, led by the University of Leicester in the UK, Read More …

Flawed, unjust

Context: New reservation norms in faculty appointments threaten to diminish opportunities for Dalits, tribals and OBCs. Indian universities preserve of a privileged caste elite: Indian universities, like most other institutions in the country, were historically the exclusive preserve of a privileged caste elite. It is to make them more inclusive Read More …

Western Ghats forest cover vital for Tamil Nadu’s South-West monsoon rainfall

Context: Researchers have found one more reason why urgent steps have to be taken to stop deforestation in the Western Ghats. The dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Findings: A team led by Prof. Subimal Ghosh from Read More …

The lowdown on falling water reserves

Context: India’s groundwater resources have been over exploited, as experts have been warning for some time now.  A Sample Assessment: According to a sample assessment in 2011, groundwater in 19 of India’s 71 districts — about 26% — were critical or exploited, meaning that nearly as much or more water Read More …

Cabinet approved Exploration and Exploitation of Coal Bed Methane

Context The Cabinet gave its approval for amendment in Section 12 of the Oil Fields (Regulation and Development) Act, 1948 (ORD Act, 1948). Due to this amendment, relaxation is granted to Coal India Limited (CIL) and its subsidiaries for not applying for grant of license/lease under the PNG Rules, 1959 Read More …

45th anniversary of the Chipko movement

Context: Google commemorated the 45th anniversary of the Chipko movement, the non-violent agitation of 1970 aimed at protection and conservation of trees, with a doodle. Background of the Movement: The uprising against the felling of trees and maintaining the ecological balance originated in Uttar Pradesh’s Chamoli district (now Uttarakhand) in Read More …

Pune tops quality of governance list

Context: Pune, Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram and Bhubaneswar have the best quality of governance among Indian cities in 2017, a study has found. The fifth edition of the Annual Survey of India’s City-Systems (ASICS) by Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy spans 23 Indian cities and factors in answers to 89 questions. The cities Read More …

‘Beast from The East’ – the science behind Europe’s Siberian chill

Context: The so-called “Beast from the East” has arrived in the UK, bringing unusually cold weather – about 7°C colder than the historical average for this time of year. Wind chill is making temperatures feel particularly arctic. Coriolis effect: The movement of air across the globe, and the weather it brings with Read More …