India warming: what trends show

Context: In a statement issued Wednesday, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said 2018 was the sixth warmest year on record, with the average temperature over India being “significantly above normal”. Experts say the increase in temperatures is likely to lead to more extreme weather events. The five warmest years on Read More …

What warmer oceans mean for the planet?

Context: Our oceans are much warmer than we previously thought, according to a new study. They are also heating up faster than was believed, driven by climate change caused by humans. The study, published this week in the journal Science, showed that the world’s oceans have got much warmer since the Read More …

Where every drop counts

Context: Rainfall has been scanty since the conclusion of the southwest monsoon, and several districts across the country have already been affected by drought in 2018-19.  According to the Manual for Drought Management (2016) by the Department of Agriculture, there are six major data indicators which portend drought: Rainfall, crop sown area, reservoir Read More …

Ground Water Extraction Guidelines

Context: In order to comply with various directions of the Hon’ble NGT and to address various shortcomings in the existing guidelines of ground water extraction, the Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on 12th December 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground water extraction vide Read More …

Global Nutrition Report 2018

Context: Nobel laureate Amartya Sen has always maintained that “Hunger is quiet violence”, which appears more realistic year by year as India struggles to combat malnutrition. According to the Global Nutrition Report 2018, India is facing a major malnutrition crisis as it holds almost a third of world’s burden for Read More …

#MeToo’s importance for women’s jobs

Context: The #MeToo campaign has implications for the much-debated issue of India’s female labour force. India’s female labour force participation rate: The country’s female labour force participation rate (LFPR)—the share of women in the working age range (15 years and above) engaged in any economic activity or looking for work—stands Read More …

RIMES terms Titli cyclone ‘rarest of rare’

Context: The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia, a 45-nation international organisation on disaster warning, has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’. Details of the report: More than 200 years of cyclone track history in the Odisha Read More …

Do not disturb this Andaman island

Context: After 12 years, the Sentinelese have again rejected external contact in the most emphatic way possible. In 2006, two fishermen went harvesting crabs illegally off North Sentinel Island and did not return. Last week, American John Allen Chau made a landing with the help of some local people — Read More …

Drought: When, and how, does a state govt declare one?

Context: Large parts of Maharashtra are reeling under drought, aspects of which are being reported in the ‘Dry Wave’ series of this newspaper. While the word ‘drought’ usually brings to mind a period of unusually dry weather, crop damage and water supply shortages, there are guidelines in place for a Read More …

Water ATMs may help in bridging safe water gap

Context: For thousands of communities across India, the process of getting drinking water is now the same as the process of getting cash: they head to an ATM. Facts: With 82 crore people who still do not have access to piped water and 70% of water in the country contaminated by pollutants, Read More …