What does ancient DNA show about history?

Context The journal Cell published a paper, An Ancient Harappan Genome Lacks Ancestry from Steppe Pastoralists and Iranian Farmers, which claimed that the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilisation lacked the steppe-pastoralist ancestry which had brought Indo-European languages into South Asia. The findings of the paper, whose key authors are the archaeologist Read More …

The National Population Register

Context In the backdrop of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam excluding 19 lakh among the 3.3 crore who had applied, the resurrection of the National Population Register (NPR) project has added to the uncertainty around the idea of citizenship in the country. Advertising Even as issues of privacy associated Read More …

UPSC MAINS GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 1 : CIVIL SERVICES EXAM 2019

Qn1. Highlight the Central Asian and Greco -Bactrian elements in Gandhara art. (Answer in 150 words) Qn2. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination the recurrent big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) Qn3. Examine the linkages Read More …

Explained: How India and the world are ageing

Context In the United Nations report that projects India will overtake China as the most populous country by around 2027, other trends and projections include an ageing population and an improving sex ratio, both globally and in India. Some of the key takeaways from ‘World Population Projections 2019: Highlights’: The big Read More …

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

Context India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion) and has grown at an rate (1.2% per year between 2010 and 2019) that is just over the world growth rate (1.2%), according to State of the World Population 2019, the flagship Read More …

The Munich Agreement

Context On this day 80 years ago — September 1, 1939 — German troops marched into Poland, triggering the beginning of World War II, the deadliest military conflict in the history of mankind, involving an estimated 100 million people from 30 countries. Great Britain and France, which had assured help Read More …

Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) 2.0

Context To supplement the efforts of Jal Shakti Ministry, NITI Aayog has prepared the second Round of Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0).The Report was launched today by Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Minister of Jal Shakti, and Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog.  Scientific management of water It is Read More …

What fertility rate data show

Context The graph (below) shows trends for the total fertility rate (TFR) in various states. TFR, defined as the number of children born to a woman until the end of her child-bearing age, is a key indicator for population trends. The graph is based on TFR data from the Sample Read More …

The 19th Amendment and women’s suffrage

Context Exactly 99 years ago, the United States ratified the 19th Amendment to its Constitution to remove the gender bar on the right to vote, causing the largest-ever peaceful expansion of the country’s voting population in history. The 19th Amendment, ratified on August 18, 1920, and formally proclaimed on August Read More …

Census 2021 may skip caste count

Context Census 2021 is unlikely to collect “caste wise” data as a similar exercise conducted in 2011 by another ministry threw up about 40 lakh caste names that were difficult to tabulate, a senior government official said. The decennial exercise would involve 31 lakh trained enumerators, with data collected digitally Read More …