Children and Armed Conflict

Context: According to annual report of UN Secretary-General on children and armed conflict, over 21,000 cases of grave violations of children’s rights in armed conflict were verified in 2017. It is drastic increase from previous year (2016) with 15,500 violations. Among the violations in 2017, over 15,000 violations were perpetrated by non-state armed groups Read More …

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) treaties

Context:  Cabinet approves accession to WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty, 1996. The treaties extend coverage of copyright to the internet and digital environment. Benefits: Meeting the demand of the copyright industries, these treaties will help India: To enable creative right-holders enjoy the fruit of their Read More …

Supreme Court verdict in Delhi vs Centre

Context: The Supreme Court pronounced its verdict on the tussle between the Lieutenant Governor (LG) and the Delhi government over who wields the power to administer and govern the national capital. A five-judge Constitution Bench, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, ruled that the Delhi government has power in all areas except Read More …

Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement

Context: India has agreed to provide tariff concessions on 3,142 products to Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) members. These duty concessions will be more for least developed countries (LDCs) and less for developing nations. About APTA: The Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), previously named the Bangkok Agreement, was signed in 1975 as Read More …

Higher Education Commission of India

Context: In a landmark decision, a Higher Education Commission of India (Repeal of University Grants Commission Act) Bill 2018 which seeks to repeal  UGC Act and provides for setting up of Higher Education Commission of India has been prepared by the Ministry of HRD and placed in public domain for comments and suggestions. The focus of Read More …

Dam Safety Bill, 2018

Context of the Bill: The Bill provides for proper surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of all specified dams in the country to ensure their safe functioning. The Bill provides for constitution of a National Committee on Dam Safety which shall evolve dam safety policies and recommend necessary regulations as may be required Read More …

Assam, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh worst states to be born in

Context: While India’s birth rate has dipped from 21 births per 1,000 population in 2014 to 20.4 births per 1,000 population in 2016, some states have seen a significant increase in birth rate. Worryingly, the laggard states such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh have the highest birth rate: 26.8 births and Read More …