Article 131 of the Indian Constitution

Context :   Recently Kerala became the first state to challenge the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) before the Supreme Court. However, the legal route adopted by the state is different from the 60 petitions already pending before the court. The Kerala government has moved the apex court under Article 131 of Read More …

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2019

Context : Recently the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2019, released by NGO Pratham. Key Findings of the Report ASER surveyors visited almost 37,000 children between 4 and 8 years in 26 rural districts across 24 States. Only 16% of children in Class 1 in 26 surveyed rural districts can read text Read More …

National policy for treatment of rare diseases

Context : Recently the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare published a national policy for treatment of rare diseases, listing 450 diseases as rare but not providing a detailed roadmap on treatment. Background In India, Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anaemia and Primary Immuno Deficiency in children, auto-immune diseases, Lysosomal storage Read More …

Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services

Context : Supreme Court significantly strengthened checks on the government’s power to shut down the Internet. A major aspect of the verdict relates to the Rules passed in 2017 that outline how and when the government can enforce shutdowns. Before The Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Safety) Rules Read More …

Time to Care: Unpaid and Underpaid Care Work and the Global Inequality Crisis

Context A report published by Oxfam, the international nonprofit focussed on the alleviation of global poverty, underlined what has been said repeatedly by governments, research organisations and a range of multilateral bodies over the past decade or more — that economic inequality, as the report said, “is out of control”, Read More …

Democracy Index

Context India slipped 10 places to 51st position in the latest Democracy Index global rankings published by The Economist Intelligence Unit. Its score, down from from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in 2019, is its lowest ever since the Democracy Index was begun in 2006, the report shows. The report Read More …

What is enemy property in India?

Context A Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Union Home Minister will monitor the disposal of over 9,400 enemy properties, which the government estimates is worth about Rs 1 lakh crore. Two committees headed by senior officials will be set up for the disposal of immovable enemy properties vested in the Read More …

The Preamble to India’s Constitution

What is a Preamble, and what is the history of the Preamble to India’s Constitution? A preamble is an introductory statement in a document that explains the document’s philosophy and objectives. In a Constitution, it presents the intention of its framers, the history behind its creation, and the core values Read More …

How Rohingya issue reached ICJ?

Context The International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled that Myanmar must take effective measures to protect its Rohingya Muslims, including protecting evidence relating to allegations of genocide. It is important to note that these directions are “provisional measures” until the ICJ can finally decide if Myanmar has been committing an ongoing Read More …