Why is India’s labour productivity growth faltering?

Context An analysis done by India Ratings and Research of Annual Survey of Industries data on India’s labour productivity growth in the organised manufacturing sector shows a disappointing trend. Advertising During the high economic growth phase between 2004 and 2008 (just before the global financial crisis hit), India’s labour productivity Read More …

What is trade deficit and what does it signify

Context India decided that it won’t sign the Regional Comprehensive Economic Participation agreement. While India decided to pull out, the other 15 members of RCEP arrived at a consensus and are likely to formally announce the regional trade pact next year. The government claimed that its decision to pull out of RCEP showed Read More …

Pegasus spyware

Context Government has sought an explanation from WhatsApp after the Facebook-owned company confirmed that some Indian users of its app came under surveillance using Israeli spyware Pegasus. How does Pegasus come into your phone? The code is transmitted by calling the target phone on WhatsApp. The code enters the phone Read More …

Livestock Census report

Context Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying has released the 20th Livestock Census report. The 20th Livestock Census was conducted in participation with all States and Union Territories. The enumeration was done both in rural and urban areas. The Livestock Census covers all Read More …

India Innovation Index (III) 2019

Context Recently the NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner released the India Innovation Index (III) 2019.  About the Index The Index is calculated as the average of the scores of its two dimensions Enablers and Performance. The Enablers are the factors that underpin innovative capacities, grouped into five Read More …

The Artificial Intelligence and Human Intentions

Context Recently Prime Minister has urged business leaders and technocrats to build a bridge between the artificial intelligence and human intentions and several ministries along with NITI Aayog have come up with various recommendations to enhance the use of AI. Background Earlier in the budget speech, Government has pitched for Read More …

Wild Poliovirus type 3

Context Recently the World Health Organisation on World Polio Day (October 24), declared that wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) has been eradicated worldwide. This follows the eradication of smallpox and wild poliovirus type 2. With this, 2 out of 3 wild poliovirus strains have been eradicated. About Polio: Polio (poliomyelitis) Read More …

Sukhna Lake

Context The Chandigarh administration had issued a draft notification for declaring Sukhna Lake as a wetland under the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rule, 2017. In July this year, the Chandigarh Wetlands Authority had unanimously decided to declare the Sukhna Lake as a wetland. About the lake: Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh Read More …

Open General Export Licences (OGELs)

Context Recently the Defence Ministery has approved issuance of two Open General Export Licences (OGELs) for export of certain parts and components and intra-company transfer of technology to select countries. The decision will give a boost to defence exports. Details: The OGEL is a one-time export licence to be granted to Read More …

Quantum Computing

Context :   Recently the Google announced that it has achieved a breakthrough called quantum supremacy in computing. What is quantum supremacy? It is a term proposed in 2012 by John Preskill, professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology. It describes the point where quantum computers can do Read More …