UPSC MAINS GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 4 : CIVIL SERVICES EXAM 2019

Section A 1 (a) What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three of these with suitable examples. (150 words). 10 1 (b) What do you understand by the term ‘public servant’? Reflect on the expected role of a public servant. (150 words). 10 2 (a) Effective utilisation Read More …

Time to articulate a ‘Moral Code of Conduct’

Context Of late, the poisoning of public discourse in India through frequent invocation of religion by politicians has reached alarming levels. Conventionally, the place of religion in politics has been examined with reference to the secular scheme of the Constitution. Leaders have taken recourse to deeming secularism as ‘undesirable’ and giving semantic Read More …

Given the state of affairs, what can a bureaucrat do?

Karl Marx had wished the state to wither away. It hasn’t. Even in the countries where Marxism was purported to have been practised, the state became more and more powerful, and its prime tool, the bureaucracy, became more and more relevant. In capitalist countries, too, bureaucracy has come to stay. Read More …

Liquidity squeeze hurts NBFCs

What’s up with NBFCs? Shares of non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) have witnessed a steep fall in recent weeks after concerns over whether they can successfully meet their short-term dues. Housing finance companies (HFCs) in particular have seen their shares punished severely over fears of a severe liquidity crisis. Dewan Housing Read More …

CBI dispute: All you need to know

Context: In the latest development in the ongoing spat at the Central Bureau of Investigation, Director Alok Verma and Special Director Rakesh Asthana have been “divested of all powers” and Joint Director M. Nageshwara Rao has been put in-charge with immediate effect. Who is the interim Director? Mannem Nageshwara Rao, Read More …

Why the Railways must be tougher on trespassing

What happened? On October 19, at least 60 people died and over 70 were injured after being run over by a train near Amritsar. The tragedy struck as a group of Dasara revellers gathered on the rail track to watch the burning of a Ravana effigy and were hit by a train Read More …

Love frees you from greed and discontent

An ancient Tao thought says: “Choose a job you love – and you won’t have to work a day in your life!” The first secret of success is: Don’t work just for wages, work for the love of God. You can work too, for the love of humanity, or for Read More …

Harmony in relationship

Love is an indispensable element in every harmonious relationship, but the secret in such relationships is to minimise expectations, because where expectation creeps in, disappointment will naturally follow. In a healthy relationship, there will be some form of expectations. We can learn to keep these to a minimum and raise Read More …

The four stages of forgiveness

The first stage of forgiveness is hurt. Someone has been unfair to me and I cannot forget it. I feel hurt. The hurt keeps on throbbing within me. My ego is hurt. A woman met a holy man and confessed that she resented a prominent sister of the community. The Read More …