Explained: What is Jammu and Kashmir’s Public Safety Act?

Context It emerged that former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah has been detained under the state’s stringent Public Safety Act (PSA), which enables authorities to detain any individual for two years without trial. A look at the provisions of the Act, and the conversation around it: What is the PSA? Read More …

Reforming the Law Commission of India

Context Over a month ago, the media reported that Cabinet will soon take a call on reconstituting the Law Commission (IE, July15). There has been no further public information on the progress in the matter. The last commission had gone out of office a year ago, on August 31, 2018. Read More …

Who is an Indian citizen? How is it defined?

Context In the run-up to the publication of the final National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, citizenship has become the most talked about topic in the country. The Assam government has been taking various steps in relation to those who will be left out of the NRC, while the Supreme Court Read More …

Sacrificing liberty for national security

Context The amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 empowers the Central government to name any individual a terrorist if it believes him or her to be so. Background of UAPA UAPA was passed by the Indira Gandhi government to deal with the secessionist Dravidian movement. During the Read More …

Explained: How an Indian citizen is defined

Context In the run-up to the publication of the final National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, citizenship has become the most talked about topic in the country. The Assam government has been taking various steps in relation to those who will be left out of the NRC, while the Supreme Court Read More …

Why is delimitation for Jammu and Kashmir in the news now?

Delimitation of Jammu and Kashmir’s Lok Sabha seats is governed by the Indian Constitution, but delimitation of its Assembly seats (until special status was abrogated recently) was governed separately by the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution and Jammu and Kashmir Representation of the People Act, 1957. As far as delimitation of Read More …

What was Sikkim’s history before this new phase of political instability?

According to the Anglo-Chinese Convention of 1890, representatives of the British Crown and the Emperor of China mutually agreed that Sikkim would remain a protectorate of the British Government. Sikkim itself was not consulted for the agreement. Under the Indo-Sikkim Treaty of 1950, Sikkim was to become a protectorate of Read More …

Explained: Delimitation of Constituencies

Context Since the bifurcation of J&K State into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh, delimitation of their electoral constituencies has been inevitable. While the government has not formally notified the Election Commission yet, the EC has held “internal discussions” on the J&K Reorganization Act, 2019, particularly its provisions on Read More …

How the number and size of districts vary from state to state?

Context Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami announced that Vellore district would be trifurcated to create two more districts, Ranipet and Tirupattur. In January and July this year, the Tamil Nadu government had created three new districts, and the latest move will take the total number of districts to 37. The Read More …

Madhya Pradesh may get a second House. Why do some states have Vidhan Parishads?

Context The Congress government in Madhya Pradesh has moved to create a Legislative Council for the state, in keeping with the promise in its manifesto ahead of the 2018 Assembly elections. Not all states have two Houses. Which are the ones that do, and why is a second House needed? Read More …