Why follow social distancing?

Context Over the last two days, a number of states in India have enforced measures aimed at reducing public gatherings. This is called “social distancing”. With 100,000 reported cases of COVID-19 in 100 countries, starting with the outbreak in Wuhan in China 10 weeks ago, researchers have analysed trends in the spread Read More …

How climate change leads to more violence against women, girls

A Case Study for Essay-Ethics-GS Papers-Climate Change, Social Issues, Environmental Issues, Gender Specific Ntoya Sande was 13 years old when she got married — against her will. “I was sent to be married because of a shortage of food in the house,” she said. Her parents used to have a Read More …

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

Context Former prime minister Indira Gandhi and freedom fighter Rajkumari Amrit Kaur are mentioned in TIME magazine’s list of the 100 most powerful women who defined the last century in a new project that aims to feature those women who were “often overshadowed”. Who was Amrit Kaur? Amrit Kaur was the first woman in Read More …

Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020

Context Recently the Union Cabinet has approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020 to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. What is ART? Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used to treat infertility. Assisted reproductive technology includes medical procedures used primarily to address infertility. This subject Read More …

The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation (PEMSR) Act

Context The Maharashtra government has directed all civic bodies in the state to set up Emergency Response Sanitation Units (ERSUs) to ensure safeguards for sanitation workers who clean manholes and sewers, after multiple cases were reported of workers dying from suffocation or inhalation of hazardous gases. Ajay Jadhav explains the Read More …

What is Female Genital Mutilation?

Context Every year, February 6 is observed as the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). As per the World Health Organization (WHO), globally, over 200 million girls alive today have suffered FGM in over 30 countries. The economic costs of treating health complications arising out of FGM amount Read More …

Time to Care: Unpaid and Underpaid Care Work and the Global Inequality Crisis

Context A report published by Oxfam, the international nonprofit focussed on the alleviation of global poverty, underlined what has been said repeatedly by governments, research organisations and a range of multilateral bodies over the past decade or more — that economic inequality, as the report said, “is out of control”, Read More …

The Pulse Polio Programme

Context On Saturday (January 18), the Rashtrapati Bhavan became the site of a polio vaccination drive, to mark the beginning of this year’s Pulse Polio Programme. The Union health ministry has launched the campaign to check the disease that affects children at a young age. The event saw President Ram Nath Read More …

What is the agreement to settle Bru refugees in Tripura?

Context Twenty-three years after ethnic clashes in Mizoram forced 37,000 people of the Bru (or Reang) community to flee their homes to neighbouring Tripura, an agreement has been signed to allow them to remain permanently in the latter state. The agreement among the Bru leaders and the governments of India, Tripura, and Mizoram, signed in Read More …