The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation (PEMSR) Act

Context The Maharashtra government has directed all civic bodies in the state to set up Emergency Response Sanitation Units (ERSUs) to ensure safeguards for sanitation workers who clean manholes and sewers, after multiple cases were reported of workers dying from suffocation or inhalation of hazardous gases. Ajay Jadhav explains the Read More …

What is Female Genital Mutilation?

Context Every year, February 6 is observed as the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). As per the World Health Organization (WHO), globally, over 200 million girls alive today have suffered FGM in over 30 countries. The economic costs of treating health complications arising out of FGM amount Read More …

Time to Care: Unpaid and Underpaid Care Work and the Global Inequality Crisis

Context A report published by Oxfam, the international nonprofit focussed on the alleviation of global poverty, underlined what has been said repeatedly by governments, research organisations and a range of multilateral bodies over the past decade or more — that economic inequality, as the report said, “is out of control”, Read More …

The Pulse Polio Programme

Context On Saturday (January 18), the Rashtrapati Bhavan became the site of a polio vaccination drive, to mark the beginning of this year’s Pulse Polio Programme. The Union health ministry has launched the campaign to check the disease that affects children at a young age. The event saw President Ram Nath Read More …

What is the agreement to settle Bru refugees in Tripura?

Context Twenty-three years after ethnic clashes in Mizoram forced 37,000 people of the Bru (or Reang) community to flee their homes to neighbouring Tripura, an agreement has been signed to allow them to remain permanently in the latter state. The agreement among the Bru leaders and the governments of India, Tripura, and Mizoram, signed in Read More …

What NHRC, SC have said on encounter killings?

Context While several voices, including senior officials and public figures, have hailed the killing by police of all four accused in the Hyderabad rape-murder case early on Friday, questions have also been raised over the legality and propriety of the police action. Extra-judicial or “encounter” killings have been a contested and divisive Read More …

Two Child Limit

Context : Following up on the population policy passed in the state assembly two years ago, the Assam Cabinet decided Tuesday that those with more than two children will not be eligible for government jobs from January 2021. About the Policy Two rules have been made. First, those who have a Read More …

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2017

Context : Recently the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) was released the much delayed crime data for 2017. About NCRB data on Crime The NCRB has introduced more than three dozen new categories and sub-categories of crimes under various heads. The report omits data on mob lynchings, khap killings, murder by influential people Read More …