India’s education sector needs a quantum shift

Context: The quality of education has a direct bearing on any economy. Quality of education has been a prickly issue: With some 240 million students or nearly 20% of the Indian population in school, their quality of learning or lack of it assumes significance for the competitiveness of the country. Read More …

ASER surveys since 2010 show

Attendance patterns by state Overall, enrolment for the age group 6-14 has been above 96% in every year since 2010. Attendance, however, varies across states. The all-India figure for attendance is 70% to 74%. Proportion of girls out of school falling The percentage of out-of-school girls aged 11-14 has fallen Read More …

Quota for poor: Constitutional and social issues, implications

Context: The decision of the Union Cabinet to provide reservation of 10% for “economically weaker sections of the people who are not covered by any of the existing schemes of reservation” and to bring in amendments to Articles 15 and 16 for this purpose has to be examined from the Read More …

National Commission for Homoeopathy (NCH) Bill, 2018

Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the draft National Commission for Homoeopathy, Bill, 2018. This bill seeks to replace the existing regulator Central Council for Homoeopathy (CCH) with a new body to ensure transparency. About the Draft Bill: The draft bill provides for the constitution of a National Commission with Read More …

Draft National Child Protection Policy

Context: The Ministry of Women and Child Development has placed the draft policy on its website and invited comments from stakeholders until January 4. This will be the first policy dedicated to the protection of children, an area that until now was only a part of the broader National Child Read More …

The 2018 Global Gender Gap

Context: The country ranks at a dismal 108 out of the 149 countries included in the 2018 Global Gender Gap report, released at the World Economic Forum. Even within the South Asian region, which is the second lowest scoring region, with a remaining gender gap of 34.2 per cent, India Read More …

Almost all states in red zone on gender equality: NITI Aayog

Context: When it comes to gender equality and achieving targets under Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), almost all Indian states are in the red zone except Kerala and Sikkim, which are best among worst and have scored a meagre fifty out of hundred. Report Findings on gender equality: Three years have Read More …

Unbanked Directed Blood Transfusion (UDBT)

Context: Recently a pregnant woman contracted HIV through the blood she was donated in a government hospital in Tamil Nadu’s Sattur area. The donor didn’t know he was suffering from HIV and he contracted the disease while donating blood in 2016. Although an enquiry has been ordered, this is not Read More …

30 mn newborns cry out for help

Context: An estimated 30 million newborns require specialised care in hospital every year without which many either die or develop preventable health conditions and disabilities that affect them for life, according to a recent study by a global coalition that includes UNICEF and WHO. About the Report: The report urges Read More …

What is altruistic surrogacy?

What is an altruistic surrogacy arrangement? According to the new Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, approved by the Lok Sabha, it includes contracting a ‘close relative’ as a surrogate by a heterosexual married couple who have been childless for five years of their marriage. This line, in gist, separates altruism from the commercial Read More …