Model Contract Farming Act, 2018

Context: With a view to integrate farmers with bulk purchasers including exporters, agro- industries etc. for better price realization through mitigation of market and price risks to the farmers and ensuring smooth agro raw material supply to the agro industries, Union Finance Minister in the budget for 2017-18 announced preparation Read More …

National Policy on Biofuels – 2018

Context: The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved National Policy on Biofuels – 2018. Salient Features: The Policy categorises biofuels as “Basic Biofuels” viz. First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop-in Read More …

Tiny fossil shells unveil details about ancient Earth’s climate

Context: Scientists have discovered tiny fossil shells that unveil details about the Earth’s climate over half a billion years ago.  About the study; That early animals diversified within a climate similar to that in which the dinosaurs lived. An international collaboration of scientists, led by the University of Leicester in the UK, Read More …

Nature enthusiasts spot rare butterflies unseen for decades

They look rather plain at first sight, but these butterflies are thrilling scientists and enthusiasts alike. The black windmill butterfly Byasa crassipes  was found in Arunachal Pradesh’s Dibang Valley in the Lower Dihang Valley district, where the controversial Dibang Dam is proposed to be built. It was a seven-hour-trek to sight Read More …