Chilika Lake possesses 20% of India’s seagrass

Context: Chilika Lake is claimed to have 20% of India’s seagrass distribution, which plays a vital role in oxygen production and absorption of carbon dioxide and acts as a purifier in aquatic ecology. More facts: Seagrass species such as Holodule uninervis, Holodule pinifolia, Halophila ovalis, Halophila ovata and Halophila beccarii were recorded during annual Read More …

Green – Ag

Context: The government launched a Global Environment Facility (GEF) assisted project namely, “Green – Ag.” in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) during September, 2018.   About Green Ag: ‘Green Ag.’ will help in transforming Indian Agriculture for global environmental benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes. The aim of Read More …

National Clean Air Programme

Context: The Centre launched what it described as a “war against pollution” across the country — a Rs 300-crore National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). It proposes a “tentative national target” of 20%-30% reduction in PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations by 2024, with 2017 as the base year for comparison. NCAP will be rolled Read More …

Waterbird survey spots three new species

Context: A waterbird survey conducted in the Upper Kuttanad region has recorded 16,767 birds of 47 continental and local species. The survey, conducted as part of the annual Asian Waterbird Census, has spotted three new species — Greater flamingo, Grey-headed lapwing, and Blue-cheeked bee-eater. However, compared to the previous years, Read More …

All along the coastline

What changes will the notification bring? The Cabinet has approved a significant relaxation of development controls along the coastline through the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2018, as part of a plan to encourage construction of buildings and launch tourism activities in areas that are closer to the high tide Read More …

Exotic trees eating up Western Ghat’s grasslands

Context: The new year heralds bad news for the high-altitude grasslands of the Western Ghats. Over four decades, the country lost almost one-fourth of these grasslands and exotic invasive trees are primarily to blame, find scientists. Though grassland afforestation using pine, acacia and eucalyptus ceased in 1996, the exotics still Read More …

Greenhouse gas emissions up 22% between 2010 and 2014

Context: India’s total greenhouse gas emissions grew by more than 22 per cent between 2010 and 2014, reaching a level of 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2014 according to latest report submitted in India’s second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the UNFCC. India had submitted its first Read More …

Centre stipulates NOC, conservation fee for groundwater extraction

Context: The ministry of water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation has notified new guidelines which stipulate that individual houses which have more than one well or use more than 1-inch diameter delivery pipes will have to obtain a no-objection certificate from the Central Ground Water Authority and also pay Read More …

Joint task force to protect wildlife

Context: The governments of India, Nepal, and Bhutan are actively considering having a joint task force for allowing free movement of wildlife across political boundaries and checking to smuggle of wildlife across the Kanchenjunga Landscape, a trans-boundary region spread across Nepal, India, and Bhutan. The objectives of this move to Read More …

Next two years may see long and strong El Niño

Context: Looking at the recent and past trends of cyclonic activity around El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, it’s possible that 2019 and 2020 will witness an elongated El Niño. Daye, Titli, Gaja and Phethai: The ongoing cyclone Phethai is the seventh cyclone to form in the Indian Ocean region Read More …