What is Tactical Voting and Proportional Representation?

Tactical Voting  Also known as strategic voting, this refers to the act of voting for a particular candidate or political party not because the voter necessarily supports them but because she wants to prevent some other party or candidate from winning. For example, a voter who prefers a leftist candidate Read More …

What is Absentee Ballot?

This refers to a vote cast by someone who is unable to go to the polling station. The system is designed to increase voter turnout. In some countries, the voter is required to give a reason for not going to the polling station, before participating in an absentee ballot. In Read More …

Quotas and a verdict

The story so far The introduction of a 10% quota for the economically backward through the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act has been challenged in the Supreme Court. The principal grounds cited in support of the challenge are mainly found in a 1992 judgment of a nine-judge Bench in Indra Sawhney vs Read More …

What is a ‘Hung Parliament’?

When no party or pre-poll alliance is able to secure a majority in the election, this leads to a hung Parliament. The total number of seats in the Lok Sabha is 543. A party or coalition needs to win one seat above the 50% mark, or 272 seats, in order Read More …

What are the powers and duties of Lokpal?

The story so far: On March 19, Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghosh was appointed as India’s first Lokpal. The announcement came after a delay of five years as the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, which envisaged appointment of a Lokpal at the Centre and Lokayuktas in the States to look into cases Read More …

IPU/UN Women Map

Context: Women’s representation in political decision-making continues to rise slowly, with slight improvements since 2017, according to the data presented in the 2019 edition of the biennial IPU-UN Women map of Women in Politics. The map was launched at a press conference during the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW 63) at Read More …

First-past-the-post system

What is FPTP system? The first-past-the-post (FPTP) system is also known as the simple majority system. In this voting method, the candidate with the highest number of votes in a constituency is declared the winner. This system is used in India in direct elections to the Lok Sabha and State Read More …

Model Code of Conduct (MCC)

Context: Recently, the Election Commission ordered that social media posts of a poster showing Wing-commander Abhinandan, shared by a BJP leader, be taken down as it was in violation of the MCC on social media.    What is it?  Model Code of Conduct (MCC) for political parties and candidates is Read More …

New Delhi International Arbitration Centre Ordinance, 2019

Context:  The Union Cabinet has approved promulgation of an Ordinance for establishing the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre (NDIAC) for the purpose of creating an independent and autonomous regime for institutionalised arbitration. Benefits: The benefits of institutionalized arbitration will accrue to Government and its agency and to the parties to a dispute. Read More …

Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019

Context:  The Union Cabinet has approved the promulgation of an Ordinance to make amendments to the Aadhaar Act 2016, Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2005 & Indian Telegraph Act 1885. Impact: The amendments would enable UIDAI to have a more robust mechanism to serve the public interest and restrain the misuse Read More …