The sedition law and its validity

Section 124A IPC states: “Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards, the Government established by law in India, shall be punished with imprisonment for Read More …

Know your ‘unparliamentary’

Context Two days of heated exchanges in Parliament have brought back recurring questions around “unparliamentary” speech and conduct. Article 105(2): While Article 105(2) of the Constitution lays down that “no Member of Parliament shall be liable to any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote Read More …

What is mandamus?

Context The Supreme Court has ruled that reservation in the matter of promotions in public posts is not a fundamental right, and a state cannot be compelled to offer the quota if it chooses not to. “There is no fundamental right which inheres in an individual to claim reservation in promotions. Read More …

Uniform Civil Code — the debate, the status

Context Last week, while hearing a matter relating to properties of a Goan, the Supreme Court described Goa as a “shining example” with a Uniform Civil Code, observed that the founders of the Constitution had “hoped and expected” a Uniform Civil Code for India but there has been no attempt at framing Read More …

Report of 15th Finance Commission

Context : Recently the report of the Fifteenth FC, along with an Action Taken Report, was tabled in Parliament About Fifteenth Finance Commission (FC) The Fifteenth Finance Commission (FC) has considered the 2011 population along with forest cover, tax effort, area of the state, and “demographic performance” to arrive at the Read More …

Article 131 of the Indian Constitution

Context :   Recently Kerala became the first state to challenge the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) before the Supreme Court. However, the legal route adopted by the state is different from the 60 petitions already pending before the court. The Kerala government has moved the apex court under Article 131 of Read More …

What is police commissionerate system?

Under the 7th Schedule of the Constitution, ‘Police’ is under the State list, meaning individual states typically legislate and exercise control over this subject. In the arrangement in force at the district level, a ‘dual system’ of control exists, in which the Superintendent of Police (SP) has to work with Read More …

Democracy Index

Context India slipped 10 places to 51st position in the latest Democracy Index global rankings published by The Economist Intelligence Unit. Its score, down from from 7.23 in 2018 to 6.90 in 2019, is its lowest ever since the Democracy Index was begun in 2006, the report shows. The report Read More …

The Preamble to India’s Constitution

What is a Preamble, and what is the history of the Preamble to India’s Constitution? A preamble is an introductory statement in a document that explains the document’s philosophy and objectives. In a Constitution, it presents the intention of its framers, the history behind its creation, and the core values Read More …

How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what benefits it enjoys?

Context At the recently concluded 93rd edition of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, a resolution was passed demanding the declaration of Marathi as a ‘Classical’ language, Loksatta reported. In many of its conventions in the past, the body has made this demand. What are ‘Classical’ languages in India, and Read More …