The President’s address to both Houses of Parliament

Context: The President’s address to the joint sitting of Parliament at the beginning of the Budget Session every year is a Constitutional requirement. Article 87(1) says: “At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first Read More …

Difference Between Fundamental Rights and Constitutional Rights

Fundamental Rights The fundamental rights are the basic and inalienable rights granted to each citizen of India, and in some cases to non-citizens too. These rights are enshrined in Part III of the Constitution of India and are 6 in number. a) Right to Equality- Article 14,15,16 and 18. b) Read More …

The search for a Lokpal

Context: The Supreme Court “requested” a search committee to suggest by February-end a panel of names for appointment of the country’s first Lokpal, an anti-corruption ombudsman. A look at the long history of India’s efforts to appoint a Lokpal: Background Amid repeated demands for such an ombudsman, many attempts were Read More …

New quota and basic structure

Context: In the 124th Constitutional Amendment recently passed by both Houses of Parliament, providing for 10% reservation to economically weaker sections, the newly inserted Clause 6 in Article 16 enables the state to make such a provision. Because of this, the government is confident that the Supreme Court is unlikely Read More …

Quota for poor: Constitutional and social issues, implications

Context: The decision of the Union Cabinet to provide reservation of 10% for “economically weaker sections of the people who are not covered by any of the existing schemes of reservation” and to bring in amendments to Articles 15 and 16 for this purpose has to be examined from the Read More …

The Amendment procedure

Context: During the Lok Sabha debate on the Constitution amendment Bill to provide a quota in jobs and education for the “economically weaker sections”, Congress’s K V Thomas said “this Bill has to be passed by a two-thirds majority, and then, 50 per cent of the states have to approve Read More …

New High Court in Andhra Pradesh

Context Andhra Pradesh will have a separate High Court from January 1, Seat at Amravati: The President constitutes a separate High Court for the State of Andhra Pradesh, namely, the High Court of Andhra Pradesh, with the principal seat at Amravati and the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad shall Read More …

The new 10% quota, its implications, and more

Who will the new 10% quota apply to? To all those who are not covered in existing quotas and have a family income below ₹8 lakh a year or agricultural land below 5 acres. Those who have a house above 1,000 square feet or a 100-yard plot or above in Read More …

Bande Mataram

In the 1870s, about 35 km North of Calcutta, on the banks of the Hoogly where the Malik Ghat is, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, deputy collector of Jessore under the British government, sat in an ivory-hued house and wrote Bande Mataram (I pray/bow down to thee, Mother). This poetic identification with Read More …

MPs’ panel proposes legal status for SSC

Context: A Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSC) has recommended that the Centre accord statutory status to the Staff Selection Commission (SSC), one of the largest recruitment agencies in the country. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and all State Public Service Commissions either have constitutional or legal status. The SSC is Read More …