Central Adoption Resource Authority

  • It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • It functions as the nodal body for adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children and is mandated to monitor and regulate the same.
  • Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993 was ratified by the Govt of India in 2003.
  • In accordance with the provisions of the convention, CARA was designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions.
  • It has recently barred partners in live-in relationships from adopting a child on the ground that cohabitation without marriage is not considered a stable family in India.
  • It permits a single woman to adopt a child of any gender, while single men can adopt only boys.
  • In case an applicant is married, both spouses must give their consent for adoption and should be in a stable marriage for at least two years.

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