- Climate change would bring devastating consequences to countries in the Pacific and Asia, a new report has warned and said Southern India may witness a decline in rice yields by five per cent in 2030s.
- Unabated climate change could severely affect the future growth of these countries, reverse current development gains, and degrade quality of life, the report by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) claimed.
- According to the report, Asia has the highest number of people exposed to flooding from possible storm surge events, particularly in China (PRC), India, Bangladesh, and Indonesia.
- “While rice yields could potentially increase in the northern states of India, rice yields may decline by 5 per cent in the 2030s, 14.5 per cent in the 2050s and 17 per cent in the 2080s in the southern states.
- Different modelling approaches are relatively consistent in terms of projecting a yield reduction in wheat production of 8 per cent in India.
- Flood exposure is apparently increasing in coastal cities due to growing populations and assets and subsidence.
- Of the top 20 cities with the largest increase of annual losses between 2005 and 2050, 13 are located in Asia.
- flood risk is projected to increase significantly in Southeast Asia and India under global warming.
- The global climate crisis is arguably the biggest challenge human civilisation faces in the 21st century, with the Asia and Pacific region at the heart of it all.
Noting that the challenge is two-fold
- Asian greenhouse-gas emissions have to be reduced in a way that the global community can limit planetary warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, as agreed in Paris 2015
- While on the other hand, Asian countries have to find strategies for ensuring prosperity and security under unavoidable climate change within a healthy global development.