As part of the 2009 Copenhagen negotiations, a number of countries produced the Copenhagen Accord.
The Accord states that global warming should be limited to below 2.0 °C (3.6 °F).
This may be strengthened in 2015 with a target to limit warming to below 1.5 °C.
The Accord does not specify what the baseline is for these temperature targets (e.g., relative to pre-industrial or 1990 temperatures). According to the UNFCCC, these targets are relative to pre-industrial temperatures.
114 countries agreed to the Accord.
The UNFCCC secretariat notes that “Some Parties […] stated in their communications to the secretariat specific understandings on the nature of the Accord and related matters, based on which they have agreed to [the Accord].”
The Accord was not formally adopted by the Conference of the Parties. Instead, the COP “took note of the Copenhagen Accord.”
As part of the Accord, 17 developed country Parties and the EU-27 have submitted mitigation targets, as have 45 developing country Parties.
Some developing country Parties have noted the need for international support in their plans.
As part of the Cancún agreements, developed and developing countries have submitted mitigation plans to the UNFCCC.
These plans are compiled with those made as part of the Bali Action Plan.