Copenhagen Accord and Cancún agreements

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  • As part of the 2009 Copenhagen negotiations, a number of countries produced the Copenhagen Accord.
  • The Accord states that global warming should be limited to below 2.0 °C (3.6 °F).
  • This may be strengthened in 2015 with a target to limit warming to below 1.5 °C.
  • The Accord does not specify what the baseline is for these temperature targets (e.g., relative to pre-industrial or 1990 temperatures). According to the UNFCCC, these targets are relative to pre-industrial temperatures.
  • 114 countries agreed to the Accord.
  • The UNFCCC secretariat notes that “Some Parties […] stated in their communications to the secretariat specific understandings on the nature of the Accord and related matters, based on which they have agreed to [the Accord].”
  • The Accord was not formally adopted by the Conference of the Parties. Instead, the COP “took note of the Copenhagen Accord.”
  • As part of the Accord, 17 developed country Parties and the EU-27 have submitted mitigation targets, as have 45 developing country Parties.
  • Some developing country Parties have noted the need for international support in their plans.
  • As part of the Cancún agreements, developed and developing countries have submitted mitigation plans to the UNFCCC.
  • These plans are compiled with those made as part of the Bali Action Plan.