Decrease In Naxalite Activities


  • As per Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, subjects of Police and Public Order are with the State Governments. However, the Government of India (GoI) has been supplementing the efforts of States affected by left wing extremism (LWE).

Key Details

  • To address the problem of LWE holistically, a National Policy and Action Plan to address Left Wing Extremism (LWE) was approved in 2015. Status of Naxalite Violence in India : Daily Current Affairs | Dhyeya IAS®  - Best UPSC IAS CSE Online Coaching | Best UPSC Coaching | Top IAS Coaching  in Delhi | Top CSE Coaching
  • It envisages a multi-pronged strategy involving security related measures, development interventions, ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities etc.
  • While on security front, the Central Government assists the LWE affected State Governments by providing Central Armed Police Forces battalions, training, provision of funds through schemes like Security Related Expenditure (SRE) and Special Infrastructure Scheme (SIS), funds for modernization of State police forces, equipment & arms, sharing of intelligence, construction of Fortified Police Stations etc; on development side, the Central Government has taken various measures including construction of roads, installation of mobile towers, improving network of banks, post offices, health and education facilities in the LWE areas.
  • Under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme funds are provided to LWE affected states for capacity building of the States through provisions of ex-gratia to the family of civilian/security forces killed in LWE violence, training and operational needs of security forces, rehabilitation of surrendered LWE cadre, community policing, compensation to security force personnel/civilians for property damage by left wing extremists, etc.
  • On development front, apart from flagship schemes of Government of India (GoI), several specific initiatives have been taken in LWE affected States, with special thrust on expansion of road network, improving Telecomm connectivity, skill development and financial inclusion.
  • The number of LWE related violent incidents have come down by 76% in 2022 in comparison of high of 2010.
  • The number of resultant deaths (Security Forces + Civilians) have also reduced by 90% from all time high of 1005 in 2010 to 98 in 2022.
  • The geographical spread of LWE violence has also been constricted and the districts reporting violence also reduced from 96 (2010) to 45 (2022).

Source: PIB

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