- Recently, a former legal advisor to the Election Commission(EC) has held that the Centre’s order for setting up a Delimitation Commission for Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Assam and Nagaland is “unconstitutional” and “illegal”.
Back to Basics
About Delimitation Commission
- Act of redrawing boundaries of Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies to represent changes in population and is done on the basis of the preceding Census.
- Appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
- Article 82 provides the Parliament to enact a Delimitation Act after every Census.
- Article 170 provides division of State into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.
- Once the Act enacted by the Parliament is in force, the Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission.
- It is usually composed of the retired Supreme Court judge, Chief Election Commissioner and respective states’ Election Commissioners.
- It determines the number and boundaries of constituencies to make the population of all constituencies nearly equal.
- It also identifies the seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, wherever their population is relatively large.
Source: TH & Laxmikanth