Agri-Market Infrastructure Fund (AMIF)
- AMIF is a corpus of Rs. 2000 crore to be created with NABARD for development and up-gradation of agricultural marketing infrastructure in Gramin Agricultural Markets and Regulated Wholesale Markets.
- It will provide the State/UT Governments subsidized loan for their proposal for developing marketing infrastructure in 585 Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMCs) and 10,000 Grameen Agricultural Markets (GrAMs).
- States may also access AMIF for innovative integrated market infrastructure projects including Hub and Spoke mode and in PPP mode.
- In these GrAMs, physical and basic infrastructure will be strengthened using MGNREGA and other Government Schemes.
- The Scheme being demand driven, its progress is subject to the demands from the States and proposals received from them.
Zero Fatality Corridor (ZFC)
- ZFC is to be run in partnership with SaveLIFE Foundation, a leading road safety non-profit organization.
- The initiative is aimed at bringing down injuries and deaths due to road crashes.
- It is in line with Delhi government’s plan of action to reduce fatalities due to road crashes by 30 per cent by 2020.
- Through the ‘Zero Fatality Corridor’ pilot project the aim is to reduce the fatalities to near zero levels on this particular stretch.
- After evaluating the impact of the initiative, the model will be replicated in other parts of the city.
World Economic Situation and Prospect 2019
- The report is a joint product of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the 5 United Nations regional commissions.
- According to the 2019 report, Global growth is expected to remain at 3% in 2019 and 2020.
- However, the steady pace of expansion in the global economy masks an increase in downside risks that could potentially exacerbate development challenges in many parts of the world,.
- The global economy is facing a confluence of risks, which could severely disrupt economic activity and inflict significant damage on longer-term development prospects.
- India will continue to remain the world’s fastest-growing large economy in 2019 as well as in 2020.
- India’s GDP growth is expected to accelerate to 7.6% in 2019
- China, it said the growth is expected to moderate to 6.3% in 2019 from 6.6% in 2018.
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)
- Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a preferential tariff system under which developed nations extend reduced MFN tariffs (Most Favoured Nation) or duty-free entry of certain goods into their markets, to the developing nations.
- The developed countries, or the countries that extend this trade preference are called donor countries, and the benefit-receiving countries are called beneficiary countries.
- The GSP is an exemption from the MFN principle under which the WTO members are obliged to treat all other WTO members equally as their ‘most favoured’ trading partner-nation.
- GSP benefits Indian exporters indirectly through the benefits that are gained by the importers via reduced tariffs and/or duty-free entry.
River Information System (RIS)
- RIS is a combination of tracking and meteorological equipment with specialized software designed to optimize traffic and transport processes in inland navigation.
- The system enables swift electronic data transfer between mobile vessels and shore (base stations) through advance and real-time exchange of information so as to ensure navigation safety in inland waterways.
- It also provides virtual navigational aids to guide the vessel during navigation.
- It will help in crisis management and enhanced inland navigation safety by preventing ship-to-ship collisions, ship-bridge collisions, groundings etc.
- Hilsa has a history of migrating to Allahabad in the Ganga river system from Bangladesh.
- Though it’s a saltwater fish, it migrates to sweet waters of the Ganges from the Bay of Bengal.
- It travels upstream of the river during the mating seasons and returns to its natural abode after spawning.
Exercise Cutlass Express 2019
- Cutlass Express 2019 is sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa.
- It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in East Africa as well as information sharing, planning and operating.
- The aim of the exercise was to improve law enforcement capacity, promote regional security and progress inter-operability between the armed forces of the participating nations.
- During the exercise, Naval, Coast Guard and Marine Police personnel from a number of East African countries were jointly trained by mentors from USA, India, and Netherlands, with support of international organisations.
- During the colder times of the year, many of the Great Flamingos in Asia migrate to warmer climates.
- Great Flamingos migrate to India between the months of December to February, important flamingo migration hotspots in India are as follows
- Maharashtra – Sewri Mudflats, Thane Creek, Bhigwan.
- Gujarat – Flamingo City, Thol Lake, Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary, Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary.
- Rajasthan – Jawai Dam, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
- Odisha – Chilika lake
- Telangana – Osman sagar lake
- Andhra Pradesh – Pulicat Lake
- XPoSat is a 5-year Mission satellite of ISRO which will be used to learn more about cosmic radiation.
- The satellite will measure polarization (degree and direction) of X-ray photons from ~50 potential celestial sources of interest in the energy band of 5-30 keV.
- INS Trikand is equipped with a versatile range of sensors and weapons enabling her to address threats in all the three dimensions – air, surface and sub-surface.
- It is an ideal platform for prolonged deployments, including the present one, in which she is carrying out Presence and Surveillance missions and Anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden and Western Arabian Sea.
- The ship is a part of the Indian Navy’s Western Fleet and operates under the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Naval Command, headquartered at Mumbai.