- Odisha Chief Minister unveiled a 19-foot-high statue of Guru Padmasambhava at Gajapati district recently
- He is the founder of Tibetan Buddhism.
- He is also known as second Buddha
- Historians claim that Guru Padmasambhava was born and brought up in Odisha before he left for Tibet.
- In Tibetan, Guru Padmasambhava is generally referred to as Guru Rinpoche, which means “precious master.”
- Ratoon cropping is a form of cultivation in which a second crop is allowed to grow from the remains of one already harvested.
- It is also called stubble cropping as the new plants grow from the stubble of the harvested crop.
- Sugarcane, pineapple and banana are crops in which this method is practiced.
- Ratooning cannot be used endlessly as the yield and quality decrease after each cycle.
- In sugarcane, for example, two or three ratooning crops are possible, after which fresh planting has to be done.
Convention on Biological Diversity
- The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
- The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
- Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
- The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
- CBD has two supplementary agreements – Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
Registration of Marriage of Non-Resident Indian Bill, 2019
- According to the new Bill, a marriage between an NRI and an Indian citizen will have to be registered within 30 days from the date of marriage.
- Necessary legal provisions have been created in the criminal code and the Passports Act, 1967, to initiate action against erring NRI spouses.
- If an NRI man fails to register his marriage within 30 days of date of marriage, his passport can be impounded or revoked.
- Also, it allows courts to attach properties, movable and immovable, of “proclaimed offenders” or people who fail to appear before courts despite warrants being issued against them.
- The bill empowers passport authorities to impound or revoke passport or travel documents of NRIs who fail to register their marriage within 30 days of getting married.
- The proposed law will be applicable to NRIs marrying Indian women within or even outside India, the bill states.
- India recently test-fired its helicopter-launched version of NAG anti-tank guided missile, HELINA.
- It is indigenously designed and built by DRDO.
- Helina has a hit range of 7-8 km can be launched from army chopper.
- It is guided by an infrared imaging seeker (IIR) operating in the lock-on before-launch mode and helps in further strengthening the defense capabilities of the country.
- The golden langur is found only in western Assam and along the adjoining Indo-Bhutan border.
- The coat of the adult golden langur ranges from cream to golden, on its flanks and chest the hairs are darker and often rust colored.
- It is one of the most endangered primate species of India
- The ‘Golden Langur Habitat Conservation’ has been taken up in Manas National Park in Assam.
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
- The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) said that its 29 members cleared the way for Macedonia to become the alliance’s 30th member, following its historic name change.
- Macedonia has been at odds with Greece since 1991 when the former broke away from Yugoslavia.
- For the Greeks, the name Macedonia has a powerful historical significance.
- It is the name of a region within Greece, and this name harks back to the ancient kingdom once ruled by Alexander the Great.
- The Greeks consider this period to be one of the highest points in their history, and have accused the neighbouring country of “cultural theft” in their choice of name.
- Macedonian PM agreed getting the country into the EU and NATO.
- Consequently it reached an agreement with Greece when Greece promised to drop its objections against their entry into the EU and the NATO.
- The Department has launched KISAN [C(K)rop Insurance using Space technology And geoiNformatcs] project during October 2015.
- The project envisaged use of high-resolution remote sensing data for optimum crop cutting experiment planning and improving yield estimation.
- Under this project, pilot studies were conducted in 4 districts of 4 States viz. Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
- The study provided many useful inputs [for smart sampling, yield estimation, optimum number of Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) etc.
- These were used to define Standard Operating Procedures for use of satellite data in the revised guidelines of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna (PMFBY).
National Productivity Council
- National Productivity Council (NPC) is an autonomous registered society under DPIIT, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
- It is national level organization to promote productivity culture in India.
- Established by the Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958, it is an autonomous, multipartite, non-profit organization with equal representation from employers’ & workers’ organizations and Government.
- NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an Inter Governmental Body, of which the Government of India is a founder member.
Gross Domestic Knowledge Product (GDKP)
- The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation in collaboration with Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) held a one-day workshop on the emerging concept Gross Domestic Knowledge Product (GDKP).
- GDKP provides a fundamental measure of growth by including a wide range of factors that involve the creation and accumulation of knowledge.
- GDKP creates a comparable measure of the production of individual wealth based on knowledge.
- GDKP creates a optimal capital investment measure for private companies in knowledge rather then in other forms of capital investments.
- GDKP is based on four basic pillars
- Knowledge items (Ki)
- Country’s Knowledge Producing Matrix (CKPM)
- Country’s Knowledge User Matrix (CKUM)
- Cost of Individual Learning, compared to the Cost of Living
- It is a Tamil-language based, physical and vocal form of rural, open-air ensemble theatre.
- It is widespread in the northern and central parts of the state of Tamil Nadu in South India.
- Kattaikkuttu uses different kinds of song, music, articulated prose, acting, movement, make-up and elaborate costumes.
- It produces all-night narrative events most of which are based on the pan-Indian epic, the Mahabharata.
- The performers – by tradition only men – sing, act and dance and the musicians accompany them on the harmonium, the mridangam and the mukavinai.
- It uses a wide range of media that require multiple skills, including a strong voice, versatile acting and movement skills and a talent for spontaneous comedy.
- Kelp Forests are underwater ecosystems formed in shallow water by the dense growth of several different species known as kelps.
- Kelps are actually extremely large brown algae, although they look like plants.
- They thrive in cold, nutrient-rich waters.
- Kelp attaches to the seafloor and eventually grows to the water’s surface and relies on sunlight to generate food and energy.
- Kelps live further from the tropics than coral reefs, mangrove forests, and warm-water seagrass beds, so kelp forests do not overlap with those systems.
Adjournment, Adjournment Sine Die, Prorogation, Dissolution
- Adjournment: An adjournment suspends the work in a sitting for a specified time, which may be hours, days or weeks. In this case, the time of reassembly is specified. An adjournment only terminates a sitting and not a session of the House. The power of adjournment lies with the presiding officer of the House.
- Adjournment Sine Die: Adjournment sine die means terminating a sitting of Parliament for an indefinite period. In other words, when the House is adjourned without naming a day for reassembly, it is called adjournment sine die. The power of adjournment sine die lies with the presiding officer of the House.
- Prorogation: Prorogation means the termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President under article 85(2)(a) of the Constitution. Prorogation terminates both the sitting and session of the House. Usually, within a few days after the House is adjourned sine die by the presiding officer, the President issues a notification for the prorogation of the session. However, the President can also prorogue the House while in session.
- Dissolution: A dissolution ends the very life of the existing House, and a new House is constituted after general elections are held. Rajya Sabha, being a permanent House, is not subject to dissolution. Only the Lok Sabha is subject to dissolution.
National Board for Wildlife (NBWL)
- The NBWL is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
- Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.
- However, it is a very important body because it serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
- Primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
- It has power to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
- No alternation of boundaries in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries can be done without approval of the NBWL.
- The NBWL, formally headed by the Prime Minister, adjudicates on industrial projects, road diversions or the like that could encroach into Protected Areas or eco-sensitive zones of forests.
- The environment ministry has delegated all powers of the NBWL to a compliant Standing Committee which regularly meets and clears projects in Protected Areas with due diligence.
- A smaller Standing Committee of the NBWL is charged with deliberating on the merits of projects that come to it for scrutiny.
- The committee comprises scientists and government officials and is chaired by Union Environment Minister.
- The essential condition to be qualified as a forest produce is that the products should be either found in or be brought from forest.
- Section 2(4) of the Indian Forest Act 1927 defines only “forest-produce” and this term connotes to those products whether found in, or brought from a forest such as
- timber, charcoal, caoutchouc, catechu, wood-oil, resin, natural varnish, bark, lac, mahua flowers, mahua seeds, kuth and myrabolams,
- trees and leaves, flowers and fruits, and all other parts or produce of trees,
- plants not being trees (including grass, creepers, reeds and moss), and all parts or produce of such plants,
- wild animals and skins, tusks, horns, bones, silk, cocoons, honey and wax, and all other parts or produce of animals, and
- peat, surface soil, rock and minerals (including lime-stone, laterite, mineral oils), and all products of mines or quarries;
Minor Forest Produce
- Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a subset of forest produce and got a definition only in 2007 when the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, was enacted.
- Section 2(i) of the said Act defines a Minor Forest Produce (MFP) as all non-timber forest produce of plant origin and includes bamboo, brushwood, stumps, canes, Tusser, cocoon, honey, waxes, Lac, tendu/kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tuber and the like.
- Thus, the definition of “minor forest produce” included bamboo and cane, thereby changing the categorization of bamboo and cane as “trees” under the Indian Forest Act 1927.
- Now, Bamboo is taxonomically a grass now ceases to be a tree as per the ordinance promulgated by the President in 2017.
Kawal Tiger Reserve
- Kawal tiger reserve is situated in Northern part of the Telegana state.
- The wildlife sanctuary in Kawal is the catchment area of river Godavari and Kadam.
- The indiactor species of the sanctuary are Tiger and Nilgai.
- The reserve forms the southern end of the central Indian Tiger Reserve Landscpe.
- It is also linked to the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Maharastra to it north and Indrvathi Tiger reerve to its east
- The forest area found here is the southern tropical mixed dry deciduous forest and dry teak forest.
- Ministry of AYUSH has launched the e-AUSHADHI portal, for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs.
- The portal is intended for increased transparency, improved information management facility, improved data usability and increased accountability. T
- In this direction, this new e-portal is an acronym for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Automated Drug Help Initiative. He further added that
- This portal will aid the licensing authority, manufactures and consumers.
- It will also provide real time information of the licensed manufactures and their products, cancelled and spurious drugs, contact details of the concerned authority for specific grievances.