Facts Corner-Part-38

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

  • India is to become the 69th member of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
  • The London-headquartered EBRD is a multilateral development bank set up in 1991.
  • It was set up after the fall of the Berlin wall to promote private and entrepreneurial initiative in emerging Europe.
  • In 2017, the EBRD signed an accord to strengthen ties with the International Solar Alliance.
  • The EBRD works closely with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), and the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).

Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)

  • India’s endangered Asiatic lion population rose to 600, following the conservation efforts.
  • The species, which was found in the South West Asian region, is now restricted to the Gir Sanctuary in India.
  • Five protected areas currently exist to protect the Asian lion:
  1. Gir Sanctuary,
  2. Gir National Park
  3. Pania Sanctuary
  4. Mitiyala
  5. Girnar
  • The lions face the usual threats of poaching and habitat fragmentation.
  • Conservationists have suggested selective relocation of big cats to another sanctuary, to reduce human-animal conflict and avoid the risk of getting wiped out by disease or natural disaster.
  • It is an endangered species according to the IUCN Red list.
  • It is listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 and also in Appendix I of CITES.

Conference on Marine Debris

  • Marine Biological Association of India (MBAI) is to organize a national conference to draw an action plan to control marine debris (CoMaD – Conference on Marine Debris) at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute.
  • There are 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the ocean, of which 269,000 tones float on the surface.
  • Further, four billion plastic microfibers per sq km litter the deep sea.
  • In India, micro and macro plastics have been observed at all tropic levels from sardines to tunas and sea birds.
  • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute was established by Government of India on 1947 under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • Later it joined the ICAR family in 1967.

Chindu Bhagavatham

  • Chindu Bhagavatham is an art form dating back to second century BC.
  • It is popular in the Nizamabad district,Telegana.
  • Chindu is derived from the artistes’ caste – Chindu Madiga – a sub-caste of Madiga among the Scheduled Caste community.
  • The Chindu Bhagavatam is also called Chindu Yakshaganam, as it is similar to Yakshaganam of Karnataka.

e- Jagrata

  • e-jagrata is a novel initiative to ensure safe, secured and effective Internet usage by schoolchildren.
  • It was launched by the district administration of Ernakulum.
  • The project is being implemented with the support of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and State Bank of India (SBI).
  • Students of standards eight and nine from government schools and  aided schools will be trained under the program.
  • The current training phase will cover cloud computing, android development, ethical hacking, robotics, and Internet payment among other topics.
  • The previous phases focused on basic IT and safe and responsible usage of Internet.

Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary

  • The Forest Department and Mysore Bird Watchers’ group will soon conduct the first bird census at Ranganathittu Bird sanctuary.
  • Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is situated in Srirangapatna of Mandya district, Karnataka.
  • Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary located on the islands of river Cauvery.
  • It is an example of riverine ecosystem.
  • The flying fox, bonnet macaque, common otter, common mongoose, palm civet, marsh crocodile are found here.
  • Rich avifauna includes the large cormorand, darter, spoonbill, open-billed stork, painted stork, egret, heron, and the lesser whistling teal.
  • It is an Important Bird Area (IBA) that is identified by Birdlife International and Bombay Natural History Society.


  • Government is set to launch ‘SUVIDHA’, under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).
  • SUVIDHA is a 100% Oxo-biodegradable Sanitary Napkin at a cost of Rs.2.50.
  • Oxo-biodegradable product is made by blending a pro-degrading   additive into it that causes breakdown by oxidation when exposed to heat or sunlight.
  • The material will eventually be in a state where it can be digested by microorganisms.
  • A similar special additive is added in the Suvidha napkin, which makes it biodegradable when it reacts with oxygen after it is used and discarded.
  • It will be available at the Janaushadhi Kendaras.
  • It would ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged women of India.
  • This affordable sanitary pad will promote hygiene, ease of disposal as well as keep the environment clean.

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