First International Agro-biodiversity Congress begins

What is meant by Agrobiodiversity?

Agrobiodiversity is defined as the variety and variability of animals, plants and micro-organisms that are used directly or indirectly for food and agriculture. It includes all species that are closely inter-woven in an agricultural ecosystem.

Some of the important points of the congress are:

  • It will provide a platform for knowledge sharing as well as exchange of germplasm, a collective union of germ cells
  • It will deliberate on the issue of efficient management of gene banks at low cost with the use of new innovative technology
  • The congress will lead to discussion and knowledge sharing on issues for efficient management of science-led innovations in genetic resources, crop diversification, issues relating to quarantine, biosafety and biosecurity, and intellectual property rights
  • In the congress, a road map will be prepared to enhance food, nutrition and health security by optimal utilisation of agrobiodiversity while protecting agro-ecosystems
  • The congress is expected to adopt ‘Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity management and use’. It seeks to develop a network of partnerships to strengthen biodiversity management system at national, regional and global levels

How agrobiodiverse is India?

India is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It takes up only 2.4 per cent of the world’s land area and yet it harbours 7-8 per cent of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.

Source: India Today

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