Gender bias caused ‘excess’ deaths of girls under 5

  • A Lancet Study state that there have been 2, 39,000 “excess deaths” per year of girls under the age of five in India.
  • Around 22% of the overall mortality burden of under-five females is therefore due to gender bias.
  • Excess mortality is the difference between observed and expected mortality rates in both genders.
  • This study focuses on mortality after birth whereas most of the studies of India’s skewed sex ratios have focused on pre-natal mortality.

  • The worst affected areas were all rural, agricultural areas with lower levels of education, high population densities, low socio-economic development and high levels of fertility.
  • Many deaths of females under five were partly due to unwanted child bearing and subsequent neglect.


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