Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure


  • The UN’s World Meteorological Organization has come up with a new Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure that aims to provide better ways of measuring planet-warming pollution and help inform policy choices.

    • The World Meteorological Organization is the United Nations System’s authoritative voice on Weather, Climate and Water.

Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure
Courtesy: WMO

About Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Infrastructure

  • It is a significant step towards trying to fill a key gap in the fight against climate change: standardised, real-time tracking of greenhouse gases.
  • The new platform will integrate space-based and surface-based observing systems, and seek to clarify uncertainties about where greenhouse gas emissions end up.
  • It should result in much faster and sharper data on how the planet’s atmosphere is changing.
  • The three major greenhouses gases are carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Of those, CO2 accounts for around 66% of the warming effect on the climate.
    • The increase in CO2 levels from 2020 to 2021 was higher than the average growth rate over the past decade, and methane saw the biggest year-on-year jump.
  • It seeks to build on WMO’s experience in coordination international collaboration in weather prediction and climate analysis and on long-standing activities in greenhouse gas monitoring, research and provision of related services under the auspices of the Global Atmosphere Watch established in 1989 and its Integrated Global Greenhouse Gas Information System (IG3IS).

Back to Basics

Global Atmosphere Watch Programme

  • A worldwide system established by the World Meteorological Organization – a United Nations agency – to monitor trends in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • It arose out of concerns for the state of the atmosphere in the 1960s.
  • The Global Atmosphere Watch’s mission is quite straightforward, consisting of three concise points:
    1. To make reliable, comprehensive observations of the chemical composition and selected physical characteristics of the atmosphere on global and regional scales;
    2. To provide the scientific community with the means to predict future atmospheric states;
    3. To organize assessments in support of formulating environmental policy.

Source: TH & WMO

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