Global Hunger Index 2018

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Context:

  • India has been ranked at the 103rd position among 119 countries on the Global Hunger Index, says a report. 

More about the Index:

  • According to the report, prepared by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide, India is among the 45 countries that have “serious levels of hunger”. 
  • In 2017, India was ranked at the 100th position but ranking for this year is not comparable, it said. 
  • The GHI, now in its 13th year, ranks countries based on four key indicators — undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting and child stunting. 
  • Child wasting refers to share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition. 
  • India is ranked below many neighbouring countries, including China (25th spot), Nepal (72), Myanmar (68), Sri Lanka (67) and Bangladesh (86). Pakistan is placed at the 106th position. 
  • While noting that hunger varies enormously by region, the report said this year’s GHI scores for South Asia and Africa south of the Sahara reflect serious levels of hunger. 
  • Zero is the best score and a reading above 100 is the worst. The latter signifies that a country’s undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality levels are at the highest level, it noted. 
  • Further, the report, released last week, said that the world has made gradual, long-term progress in reducing overall hunger, but this progress has been “uneven”. 
  • “Areas of severe hunger and undernutrition stubbornly persist, reflecting human misery for millions, 
  • Since the number of forcibly displaced people is on the rise, and hunger is often both a cause and a consequence of displacement, the report said that actions need to taken by international community, national governments, and civil society, among others.
  • As per the report, around 124 million people suffer acute hunger in the world, a striking increase from 80 million two years ago while the reality of hunger and undernutrition continues to have a massive impact on the next generation.
  • About 151 million children are stunted and 51 million children are wasted across the globe. Hard-won gains are being further threatened by conflict, climate change, poor governance, and a host of other challenges, it added.
  • Welthungerhilfe is a not-for-profit group and Concern Worldwide works towards improving lives of poor people. 
Source: Economic Times