The Global Liveability Index 2021 which is an annual assessment of the London–based Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has been published recently.
Key Findings of Global Liveability Index 2021
- Auckland in New Zealand has been named the most livable city globally as per Global Liveability Index 2021 by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
- Asia-Pacific cities dominated the top 10 rankings this year even as the pandemic caused overall livability around the world to decline.
- But on a regional average, Asia ranked well below North America and Western Europe, according to the survey.
- Six of the top ten cities in the March 2021 survey are in New Zealand or Australia, where tight border controls have allowed residents to live relatively normal lives.
- Melbourne held the title for seven years and was in second place the last time the list was compiled in 2019.
- The Victorian city has now dropped to eighth, behind both Adelaide (third) and Perth (sixth), after enduring the nation’s longest COVID-19 lockdown last year.
- The index gave Melbourne 100 per cent in infrastructure and education, while its healthcare (83.3) and culture and environment ratings (88.2) fell.
- Austrian city of Vienna, which consistently ranked near the top over the last several years. This year, however, it failed to break into the top 10 and came in 12th position.
- The Hawaiian capital of Honolulu was the biggest gainer on the index, moving up 46 places to finish 14th due to its efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus and rapid vaccine rollout. Among other cities, Taipei finished 33rd while Singapore came in 34th.
- The ten most liveable cities in the world:
- Auckland, New Zealand
- Osaka, Japan
- Adelaide, Australia
- Wellington, New Zealand
- Tokyo, Japan
- Perth, Australia
- Zurich, Switzerland
- Geneva, Switzerland
- Melbourne, Australia
- Brisbane, Australia
Ten of the most liveable cities in Asia
- Auckland, New Zealand (global rank 1)
- Osaka, Japan (global rank 2)
- Adelaide, Australia (global rank 3)
- Wellington, New Zealand (global rank 4)
- Tokyo, Japan (global rank 5)
- Perth, Australia (global rank 6)
- Melbourne, Australia (global rank 8)
- Brisbane, Australia (global rank 10)
- Sydney, Australia (global rank 11)
- Taipei, Taiwan (global rank 33)
Ten of the least liveable cities in the world
- Caracas, Venezuela
- Douala, Cameroon
- Harare, Zimbabwe
- Karachi, Pakistan
- Tripoli, Libya
- Algiers, Algeria
- Dhaka, Bangladesh
- Port Moresby, PNG
- Lagos, Nigeria
- Damascus, Syria
Back to Basics
About Global Liveability Index
- The livability index ranks cities based on more than 30 qualitative and quantitative factors across five broad categories: stability, health care, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
- Due to the pandemic, the EIU added new indicators such as stress on health-care resources as well as restrictions around local sporting events, theatres, music concerts, restaurants and schools.
- The global survey was postponed in 2020 as enforced lockdowns made it difficult for contributors and expert analysts to collect data for many cities.
Reports & Indices for UPSC 2021 : Click Here