- Haryana has become the first state in the country to treat Hepatitis-C patients of all categories through oral medicine.
- For the first time, the state government has included oral medicine in government hospitals.
- This medicine would be provided free of cost to permanent residents of all categories at district level.
- This has benefitted lakhs of patients in Haryana.
- Haryana would be the first state where health screening would be done of everyone and 35 to 40 necessary tests would be conducted by visiting houses of all residents. The full record of these tests would remain with the department.
Hepatitis C & its Spread:
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) that primarily affects the liver.
- During the initial infection people often have mild or no symptoms. Occasionally a fever, dark urine, abdominal pain, and yellow tinged skin occurs.
- The virus persists in the liver in about 75% to 85% of those initially infected.
- Early on chronic infection typically has no symptoms.
- Over many years however, it often leads to liver disease and occasionally cirrhosis.
- There is no vaccine for HCV.
- It spreads through infected blood. In the U.S., sharing needles or other items used to inject drugs is the most common cause of infection.
- Getting a tattoo or body piercing with an infected needle is another means of exposure.
- A mother may pass the virus to her child at birth. In rare cases, unprotected sex spreads hepatitis C, but the risk appears small.
- Having multiple sex partners, HIV, or rough sex seems to raise risk for spreading hepatitis C.
Difference between Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C?
- Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C are diseases caused by three different viruses. Although each can cause similar symptoms, they have different modes of transmission and can affect the liver differently.
- Hepatitis A appears only as an acute or newly occurring infection and does not become chronic. People with Hepatitis A usually improve without treatment.
- Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C can also begin as acute infections, but in some people, the virus remains in the body, resulting in chronic disease and long-term liver problems.
- There are vaccines to prevent Hepatitis A and B; however, there is not one for Hepatitis C.
- If a person has had one type of viral hepatitis in the past, it is still possible to get the other types.
Source :TH & Wikipedia