Haryana tops the list amid national trend of worsening sex ratio at birth: report

The sex ratio at birth for the country has worsened by 3 points to 906 in 2012-2014 from 909 in 2011-13, shows the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical report 2014.

Sex ratio:

  • The number of female live births per 1,000 male live births.

About the Study”

  • The data shows that the worsening of sex ratio in rural areas is faster than that in the urban areas.
  • Rapid urbanisation in rural areas is being cited as the main reason for the worsening sex ratio at birth.
  • In case of rural areas it has worsened to 907 in 2012-14 from 910 in 2011-13. While for urban areas it has reduced to 905 in 2012-14 from 906 in 2011-13.
  • “The rural sex ratio at birth is catching up faster to the urban sex ratio which is a cause of worry,”said Pronab Sen, former chairman of the National Statistical Commission.
  • The ideal sex ratio at birth is 960 female live births per 1,000 male live births. A sex ratio of 907—as in the case of rural areas—essentially means that 53 girl children are being aborted. Hence, there will be 53 less females available per 100 male counterparts.
  • For the period 2012-14, Kerala has reported the highest sex ratio at birth (974), while Haryana, the lowest (866).While for the period 2011-13,Chhatisgarh reported highest sex ratio at birth (970), while Haryana, the lowest (864).
  • An interesting finding from these results is that tribal areas have a good sex ratio at birth as they are not bound by any social stigma.
  • Also it has been found that the sex ratio among the Muslims is better than the Hindus.

Source: Livemint

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