Human African Trypanosomiasis or Sleeping Sickness


  • Recently, Togo has become the 1st country in Africa to eliminate human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness.

About Human African Trypanosomiasis or Sleeping Sickness

  • It is a vector-borne parasitic disease.
  • It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.

  • It is transmitted to humans by tsetse fly (Glossina genus) bites which have acquired their infection from human beings or from animals harbouring human pathogenic parasites.

  • According to the WHO, sleeping sickness is currently found in 36 sub-Saharan African countries.

  • Treatment involves drugs to kill the parasites.

Back to Basics

About Togo

  • It is a western African country.
  • Togo is surrounded by Gulf of Guniea in the south, Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkin Faso in the north.


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