- Recently, Togo has become the 1st country in Africa to eliminate human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness.
About Human African Trypanosomiasis or Sleeping Sickness
- It is a vector-borne parasitic disease.
It is caused by infection with protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma.
It is transmitted to humans by tsetse fly (Glossina genus) bites which have acquired their infection from human beings or from animals harbouring human pathogenic parasites.
According to the WHO, sleeping sickness is currently found in 36 sub-Saharan African countries.
Treatment involves drugs to kill the parasites.
Back to Basics
- It is a western African country.
- Togo is surrounded by Gulf of Guniea in the south, Ghana in the west, Benin in the east and Burkin Faso in the north.