Motivation is described as a state that energizes, directs and sustains behavior. Motivation involves goals and requires activity. Goals provide the impetus for and the direction of action. While action entails effort, persistence in order to sustain activity for a long period of time.
- There are recognized indexes of motivation that are important to be aware of. Indexes typically place a value or quantity on an idea; in this case, we can understand the value or quantity of motivation for an individual by these four indexes.
- The selection of a task under free-choice conditions indicates motivation to perform the task. In our earlier example, Erik chose to engage in art activities during his free time. This is indicative of being motivated by art and art-type activities.
High effort levels, especially when working on different tasks and assignments, are also indicative of motivation. For example, if a student diligently works on a difficult algebra problem again and again, this would indicate a higher level of motivation towards math activities.
Working for a longer period of time, especially after encountering numerous obstacles, is also associated with higher motivation.
Finally, level of achievement is affected by choice, effort and persistence. The higher these indexes, the higher the motivation and the more likely task achievement will occur.
Motivation has several effects on students’ learning and behavior
First, motivation directs behavior toward particular goals. Motivation determines the specific goals toward which people strive; thus, it affects the choices students make. For example, whether to enroll in an art class or physics, whether to attend a school basketball game during the week or complete an assignment that’s due the next day.
Motivation also leads to increased effort and energy. Motivation determines whether a student will pursue a task (even a difficult one) with enthusiasm or a lackluster attitude.
Motivation increases the initiation and persistence of activities. In our first example, Erik continued with art-type activities in his free time and he also tried to perform these types of activities in relation to his other assignments. Motivation will increase students’ time on task and is also an important factor affecting their learning and achievement.
Motivation enhances cognitive processing. Motivation actually affects what and how information is processed because motivated students are more likely to pay attention and try to understand the material instead of simply going through the motions of learning in a superficial manner.
Motivation determines what consequences are reinforcing and punishing. For example, students with a high level of motivation for classroom achievement and high GPAs are reinforced by receiving a grade of ‘A’ and they’ll feel punished if they receive a grade of ‘F.’
Finally, motivation leads to improved performance. Everything that we have just discussed – effort, initiation, persistence, cognitive processing and the impact of consequences – lead to improved performance.
After continuous study we feel some boredom and got so much tensed on how to cover such himalayan syllabus which will make us demotivated. But if we are highly motivated towards our goal than half of our goal is achieved (Rest is on hardwork). So for this we will post some motivational stories & inspirational thoughts (Reading is a must for reader) so that you will stay motivated through out the preparation of your plan. So Read it, Digest it, Think for it and Act upon it. Thanks.