The Indian National Congress was founded at Bombay in December 1885.
The early leadership – Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, Badruddin Tyabji, W.C. Bonnerji, Surendranath Banerji, Romesh Chandra Dutt, S. Subramania Iyer, among others – was largely from Bombay and Calcutta.
A retired British official, A.O. Hume, also played a part in bringing Indians from the various regions together.
Formation of Indian National Congress was an effort in the direction of promoting the process of nation building.
In an effort to reach all regions, it was decided to rotate the Congress session among different parts of the country.
The President belonged to a region other than where the Congress session was being held.
First Session: held at Bombay in 1885. President: W.C. Bannerjee
Formation of Indian National Congress.
Second Session: held at Calcutta in 1886. President: Dadabhai Naoroji
Third Session: held at Madras in 1887. President: Syed Badruddin Tyabji, first muslim President.
Fourth Session: held at Allahabad in 1888. President: George Yule, first English President.
1896: Calcutta. President: Rahimtullah Sayani
National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time by Rabindranath Tagore.
1899: Lucknow. President: Romesh Chandra Dutt.
Demand for permanent fixation of Land revenue
1901: Calcutta. President: Dinshaw E.Wacha
First time Gandhiji appeared on the Congress platform
1905: Benaras. President:Gopal Krishan Gokhale
Formal proclamation of Swadeshi movement against government
1906: Calcutta. President: Dadabhai Naoroji
Adopted four resolutions on: Swaraj (Self Government), Boycott Movement, Swadeshi & National Education
1907: Surat. President: Rash Bihari Ghosh
Split in Congress- Moderates & Extremist
Adjournment of Session
1910: Allahabad. President: Sir William Wedderburn
M.A Jinnah decried the separate electorate system introduced by act of 1909
1911: Calcutta. President: B.N. Dhar
First time recital of Jan-Gan-Man in Congress session
1915: Bombay. President: Sir S.P. Sinha
Constitution of the Congress was altered to admit the delegates from the extremist section
1916: Lucknow. President: A.C. Majumdar
Unity between two factions-Moderates and Extremists of Congress
Lucknow Pact signed between Congress and Muslim League to build political consensus
1917: Calcutta. President: Annie Besant, First Woman President of Congress
1918 (Special session): Bombay. President: Syed Hasan Imam
The session was convened to deliberate the contentious Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms Scheme
1919: Amritsar. President: Motilal Nehru
Congress extended support to Khilafat Movement
1920 (Special Session): Calcutta. President: Lala Lajpat Rai
Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non cooperation resolution
1920: Nagpur. President: C. Vijayaraghavachariar
Reconstitution of Working committees of Congress on Linguistic basis
MA Jinnah left the Indian National Congress
1922: Gaya. President: C.R. Das
CR Das and other leaders broke away from INC
Formation of Swaraj Party
1924: Belgaum. President: M.K. Gandhi
Only Session presided over by Mahatma Gandhi
1925: Kanpur. President: Sarojini Naidu, First Indian Woman President
1927: Madras. President: Dr. M.A. Ansari
Passed a resolution against the use of Indian troops in China, Iran and Mesopotamia.
Passed a resolution against boycott of Simon Commission
Adoption of resolution on Purna Swaraj
1928: Calcutta. President: Motilal Nehru
Formation of All India Youth Congress
1929: Lahore. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
Passed the resolution on ‘Poorna Swaraj.’
Civil Disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched
26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.
1931: Karachi. President: Vallabhbhai Patel
Resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Programme
Endorsement of Gandhi-Irwin pact
Gandhi nominated to represent INC in the Second Round Table Conference to be held in London
1934: Bombay. President: Rajendra Prasad
Amendment in the Constitution of Congress
1936: Lucknow. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
Push towards socialist ideas by Jawahar Lal Nehru
1937: Faizpur. President: Jawahar Lal Nehru
First Session to be held in a village
1938: Haripura. President:Subhas Chandra Bose
National Planning Committee set up under Jawahar Lal Nehru.
1939: Tripuri. President: Rajendra Prasad
Subhas Chandra Bose was re-elected but had to resign
Rajendra Prasad was appointed in his place
Subhash Chandra Bose formed Forward Bloc
1940: Ramgarh. President: Abul Kalam Azad
Civil Disobedience movement to be launched at appropriate time and circumstances.
1941–45: This Period is marked by events i.e. Quit India movement, RIN Mutiny & INA trials.
Phase of constitutional negotiations such as Cripps Mission, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission.
On account of these events during this phase no congress session was held.
1946: Meerut. President: J.B Kripalani
Last session before independence
J.B Kriplani was the president of INC at independence.