India now free of infective trachoma


  • India was declared free from infective Trachoma, a contagious bacterial infection of the eye.
  • The infection causes inflamed granulation on the inner surface of the lids.
  • It was announced by Union Health Minister J P Nadda after releasing National Trachoma Survey Report (2014-17) in New Delhi. 
  • With this, India met goal of trachoma elimination as specified by World Health Organisation (WHO) under its GET2020 (Global Elimination of Trachoma by the year 2020) program.

About Trachoma

  • Trachoma is a chronic infective disease of eye and is leading cause of infective blindness globally. It is outcome of poor environmental and personal hygiene and inadequate access to water and sanitation.
  • It affects conjunctiva under the eyelids.
  • Repeated Trachoma infection causes scarring leading to in-turning of the eyelashes and eyelids which further causes damage to cornea and blindness.
  • It is main cause of corneal blindness in India, affecting young children.
  • It was found affecting the population North Indian states like Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Source:Indian Express

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