India ranked 77 in ‘Disaster Risk Index’ of the world-Prelims-2017

India has been ranked 77th on the World Risk Index, topped by Island state of Vanuatu. The World Risk Report 2016, published by the UNU Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and Bundnis Entwicklung Hilft, analyses the role that infrastructure plays in shaping a country’s disaster risk.

• The Island state of Vanuatu has been ranked no 1 on the index.
Pakistan ranks 72th while Sri Lanka and Bangladesh at 63rd and 5th position respectively. China and Nepal are in a better position than India on 85th and 108th position.

» The report said inadequate infrastructure and weak logistic chains substantially increase the risk that an extreme natural event will become a disaster. Peter Mucke, Project Director of the World Risk Report explained that the challenges mostly lie in the ‘last mile’ of the logistics chain: organising transportation despite destroyed streets or bridges and ensuring fair distribution when there is a shortage of water, food, and shelter.

Dr Matthias Garschagen, Scientific Director for the report and Lead Scientist at the UNU Institute said the international community must invest more in development and maintenance of critical infrastructure even before disasters occur.

About Disaster Risk Index:

• It is a list of countries by natural disaster risk, as measured in the World Risk Index, calculated by the United Nations University for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and featured in the 20 World Risk Report (WRR 2016) published by the Alliance Development Works/Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).

• The report systematically considers a country’s vulnerability, and its exposure to natural hazards to determine a ranking of countries around the world based on their disaster risk.

• The WRI developed by UNU-EHS and BEH the main feature of the WRR, determines the risk of becoming a victim of a disaster as a result of vulnerability and natural hazards such as earthquakes, storms, floods, droughts and sea level rise for 173 countries worldwide.

• The WRI is based on 28 indicators and research data which are globally freely available and results in a global risk ranking and maps which allow for comparison between countries. Risk is at its highest where a high level of exposure to natural hazards coincides with very vulnerable societies.

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