JERUSALEM Issue

Context:

US President Donald Trump has delivered a landmark speech recognizing Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel after more than a year of fears, discussions, promises, and assessments.

The city Jerusalem:

  • The city Jerusalem (The Noble, Sacred Place) is the only city in the world that is considered historically and spiritually significant to Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.
  • JEWS- They believe that the foundation that created the world is situated here.
  • MUSLIM- The Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque is the third holiest site in Islam.
  • CHRISTIAN-The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where Jesus had been crucified is also situated here.

US & Jerusalem:

  • 1995- During the time when Bill Clinton was the President, US Congress passed Jerusalem Embassy Act, recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
  • Afterwards, Every president has signed a legal waiver to delay the moving of US embassy by six months.

HISTORY OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE:

  • 1948- After first Arab-Israel War, Jerusalem was partitioned into West and East under Israeli and Palestinian control respectively.
  • 1967- Israel snatched East Jerusalem from Jordanian forces. Israel Parliament declared ‘Jerusalem reunited’.
  • This marginalized the Palestinian under the ‘two-state solution’