- The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on the Land Acquisition Bill, 2015, will seek the eighth extension in the upcoming Parliament session.
- The JPC was set up in May 2015 to examine the Bill after it was opposed by many political parties, including allies of the ruling BJP.
- The Bill seeks to remove the consent clause for acquiring land for five purposes — industrial corridors, public-private projects, rural infrastructure, affordable housing and defence.
Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC):
- A Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) is an ad-hoc body.
- It is set up for a specific object and duration.
- Joint committees are set up by a motion passed in one house of Parliament and agreed to by the other.
- The details regarding membership and subjects are also decided by Parliament.
About Land Acquisition Bill, 2015:
- The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015 seeks to Amend the Act of 2013 (LARR Act, 2013).
- The Bill creates five special categories of land use: (1) defence, (2) rural infrastructure, (3) affordable housing, (4) industrial corridors, and (5) infrastructure projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land.
- The Bill exempts the five categories from provisions of the LARR Act, 2013 which requires the consent of 80 per cent of land ownersto be obtained for private projects and that of 70 per cent of land owners for PPP projects.
- The Bill allows exemption for projects in these five categories from requiring Social Impact Assessment be done to identify those affected and from the restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land imposed by LARR Act 2013.
- The Bill brings provisions for compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement under other related Acts such as the National Highways Act and the Railways Act in consonance with the LARR Act.
- The Bill changes acquisition of land for private companies mentioned in LARR Act, 2013 to acquisition for ‘private entities’.
- A private entity could include companies, corporations and nonprofit organisations.
Source: PRS India & TH