1. Hepatitis B and C together are the most common cause of deaths, with 1.3 million lives lost each year. 40 million people are chronically infected with Hepatitis B virus and 6 to 12 million with Hepatitis C virus.
  2. About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than US$1.25 per day. Globally, 18,000 children still die each day from poverty-related causes.
  3. Precision agriculture integrating GNSS and EO data can achieve yield increases over 10%, and reduce other fuel, fertilizer, and pesticide inputs by up to 20%.
  4. According to an analysis by the Association for Democratic Reforms(ADR), about 24% of the sitting Rajya Sabha members have declared criminal cases against themselves. Analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats showed that 54 MPs had declared criminal cases. According to the finding of Association of Democratic Reforms, about 43% of members elected to 17th Lok Sabha are facing criminal charges in court of law, while 84% have self-declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.
  5. According to a paper published by Stimson Center,86% of the equipment, weapons and platforms currently in military service in India are of Russian For the Navy, more than 41% equipment is of Russian origin while two-thirds for the Indian Air Force (IAF). The figure for the Army is 90%, as it assigns around 10,000 pieces of military hardware from Russia.
  6. The G20 membership comprises a mix of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies, representing about two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of global gross domestic product, 80% of global investment and over 75% of global trade.
  7. India has 6.73 million hectares of salt affected land and is also the largest producer of Casuarinain the world which makes the production of these clones a significant achievement.
  8. If Basmati loses its premium tag it will deprive over 20 lakh farmers of seven states from the economic premium of growing this unique product. So, the commercial considerations cannot, therefore, be allowed to be sacrificed at the altar of expanding the area of GI.
  9. India lifted as many as 270 million peopleout of multidimensional poverty between 2005-06 and 2015-16 according to the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2020. 9% of India’s population was still poor in 2016-17. According to India’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) at least 271 million people were lifted out of multi-dimensional poverty between 2005-06 and 2016-17.
  10. About 3% of multidimensionally poor people live in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. 84.2 percent of multidimensionally poor people live in rural areas, where they are more vulnerable to
    environmental shocks.
  11. Maternal Mortality Ratio of India has declined to 113in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016.
  12. The number of working-age adults aged 20-64 in India is projected to fall from around 762 million in 2017 to around 578 million in 2100.
  13. According to a recent analysis by the Lancet, India’s population is forecasted to peak around 1.6 billion in 2048 from 1.38 billion in 2017.  It will be followed by a 32% decline to around 1.09 billion in 2100.
  14. India’s installed capacity for power generation recorded a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.9%, an increase from 124 GW to 344 GW between 2006 and 2018.
  15. Scientists have predicted that the India’s population may peak to about 1.6 billion in 2048, and decline by 32 per cent to around 1.09 billion in 2100, when it is also expected to be the world’s most populous country.
  16. India’s Pharmaceutical Industry is third largest in the world, in terms of volume, behind China and Italy,and fourteenth largest in terms of value.
  17. State police forces had 24% vacancies (about 5.5 lakh vacancies) in January 2016. The sanctioned police strength was 181 police per lakh persons in 2016, the actual strength was 137 police. United Nations’ recommended standard of 222 police per lakh persons.
  18. Nearly 70% of the world’s youth are affected by school closures.
  19. India, with 17 per cent of the world’s humanity and 2.4 per cent of the land area, is also home to a multitudinous array of development challenges that cut across sectors of health, nutrition, education, urbanization and climate action.
  20. As per the data from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, theUSA remained India’s top trading partner for the second consecutive fiscal year in 2019-20.
  21. India contributes 6% of rice production in the worldand ranks second after China.
  22. Zoonotic diseases represent up to 75 %of all emerging infectious diseases.
  23. Pangolins are the most trafficked wild mammalsin the world, with the seizure of their scales increasing 10 times between 2014 and 2018.
  24. Recently, a study conducted by the Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR)at the University of Toronto (Canada), with Indian and United Kingdom as partners, has revealed that India recorded 1.2 million snakebite deaths from 2000 to 2019 (i.e. an average of annual 58,000 deaths).
  25. India spends 4.6% of its total GDP on education and ranks 62nd in total public expenditure on education per student.
  26. India has just 2% of the world’s landmass and 16% of the global population. It is the second-most populous country in the world with an estimated population of around 1.37 billion by 2019.
  27. According to the current estimates nearly 690 million people are hungry, or 9 percent of the world
    population which is up by 10 million people in last one year and by nearly 60 million in last five years. An estimated 2 billion people in the world did not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food in 2019.
  28. Around 60% of women across the world earn their livelihood by working in the informal sector, according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  29. More than two-third of the ST population is concentrated only in the seven States: Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
  30. The country’s average IMR stands at 32 per 1,000 live births which includes an average 36 deaths for rural and 23 for urban areas. Uttar Pradesh has the next highest rate of 43 and Kerala has 7, the lowest among the bigger States.
  31. Nearly 40 million tons of carbon dioxide is prevented from going into the environment, due to the LED bulb.
  32. An Earthquake Disaster Risk Index (EDRI), prepared by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA),showed that about 56% area of India is vulnerable to moderate to major earthquakes.
  33. More than 1.3 million children acquire measles infection and around 49000 infected children die each year, contributing nearly 36% to the global figures.
  34. According to the Economic Survey of India 2019, about 90% of India’s total workforce of about 500 million workers is engaged in the informal sector.
  35. India has achieved a reduction of 21% in emission intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP)between 2005 and 2014, thereby on its way to achieving its voluntary target under its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC).
  36. According to a report published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), about 60% of known infectious diseases in humans and 75% of all emerging infectious diseases are 
  37. India is the second largest source of the foreign students in the USA after China.
  38. Niti Aayog’s strategy for New India @75envisages many targets in railway infrastructure such as increasing the speed of infrastructure creation from the present 7 km/day to 19 km/day, 100% electrification of broad-gauge track by 2022-23.
  39. Natural wetlands are responsible for approximately 80% of global methane emissions from natural
  40. Global e-waste — discarded electrical and electronic equipment — will increase by 38 per cent in the decade between 2020 and 2030, according to a new United Nations University (UNU) report.
  41. India accounts for 45.8 million of the world’s 142.6 million “missing females” over the past 50 years, a report by the United Nations.
  42. There are over 50,000 Indian students currently studying in various European Universities, many of whom are under EU’s Erasmus Mundus scholarship programme for higher education.
  43. In India, at present, there are about 55.8 million enterprises in various industries, employing close to 124 million people. Of these, nearly 14 per cent are women led enterprises, and close to 59.5 per cent
    are based in rural areas.
  44. Transport emits around 23% of the energy related CO2 that feeds global warming.
  45. In India agriculture and livestock accounts for 18% of gross national emissions, the third-highest sector after energy and industry.
  46. Tropical regions in three continents, Africa, Asia and South America, were responsible for 64% of the entire planet’s emissions, while temperate regions and the Arctic contributed to 32% and four per cent respectively.
  47. The desertification and land degradation atlas of India, brought out by the ISRO in 2016, revealed that Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi were among states/UT where more than 50% of the total area was degraded land and those under the threat of desertification.
  48. Waste plastic makes up 80% of all marine debris from surface waters to deep-sea sediments.
  49. At 2,967, India hosts 70% of the world’s tigers. Tigers were observed to be increasing at a rate of 6% per annum (2006 to 2018). Nearly a third of India’s tigers are living outside tiger reserves.
  50. According to Indian Labour Report, in India only 4 % of the young labour force receives formal vocational education and 6 % in the informal sector.
  51. Over 90 percent of Indians have their medical records only in the physical form.
  52. Together, the Russia, India and China (RIC) countries occupy over 19 % of the global landmass and contribute to over 33 % of global GDP.