Kakhovka dam in Ukraine


  • Kakhovka dam a Soviet-era dam on the Dnipro River that separates Russian and Ukrainian forces in southern Ukraine was breached , unleashing floodwaters across the war zone. 


  • The dam, 30 metres (98 feet) tall and 3.2 km (2 miles) long, was built in 1956 on the Dnipro river as part of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power plant.

    Kakhovka dam in Ukraine
    Source: Financial Times
  • The reservoir also supplies water to the Crimean peninsula, which Russia claims to have annexed in 2014, and to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, which is also under Russian control.
  • It holds an 18 km3 reservoir – a volume about equal to the Great Salt Lake in the U.S. state of Utah.


  • With water levels surging higher, many thousands of people are likely to be affected. Evacuations of civilians began on both sides of the front line.
  • 22,000 people living across 14 settlements in Ukraine’s southern Kherson region are at risk of flooding, Russian installed officials said.
  • They told people to be ready to evacuate. 
  • Ukrainian Prime Minister said that up to 80 settlements were at risk of flooding.


  • The Russian-backed governor of Crimea said that there is a risk that water levels in the North Crimea Canal, which carries fresh water to the peninsula from the Dnipro river, could fall after rupture of the dam.
  • The Crimean peninsula is dependent for fresh water on the canal.
  • Ukraine previously blocked water supplies to Crimea after Russia annexed the peninsula in 2014, causing water shortages in the region.


  • The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, Europe’s largest, gets its cooling water from the reservoir. It is located on the southern side, now under Russian control.

Source: IE

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